Lowell, Robert (1917–77) US poet. Lowell was perhaps the most important voice in American poetry to emerge after World War II. His early work, such as the Pulitzer Prize-winning Lord Weary's Castle (1946) is rich in Catholic symbolism. He is best known for his later, more intimate ‘confessional’ style, best represented by the autobiographical Life Studies (1959). Lowell and other ‘confessional’ poets, such as Sylvia Plath, reappraised the gap between the private and the public. He won a second Pulitzer Prize for The Dolphin (1973).
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