Friedberg, Berta (1864–1944)
Friedberg, Berta (1864–1944)
Russian-Jewish poet and playwright. Name variations: Bertha Friedberg; (pseudonym) Izabella Arkad'evna or Arkadevna Grinévskaia; Izabella Grinevskaia; Isabel or Isabella Grinevskaya. Born Berta Friedberg in 1864 in Grodno, Russia; died in Constantinople in 1944; dau. of A.S. Friedberg (1838–1902, Russian Hebraist) and his 1st wife Mordechai Spector.
Moved to St. Petersburg, where she frequented Jewish literary circles; published 1st novel, The Orphan (1888); in Odessa (1890s), worked as translator and also wrote literary criticism; moved to Constantinople (1910); writings, which tended to depict the lives of the Jewish middle class, include The First Storm (1895), The Little Lights (1900), Bab (staged 1904), Poems (1904), Harsh Days (1909), Bekha-Ulla (1912), Salute to Heroes (1915), From the Book of Life (1915) and Poems (1922); also published pamphlet against censorship, The Right of Books.
"Friedberg, Berta (1864–1944)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/friedberg-berta-1864-1944
"Friedberg, Berta (1864–1944)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/friedberg-berta-1864-1944
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.