Friedberg, Abraham Shalom
FRIEDBERG, ABRAHAM SHALOM
FRIEDBERG, ABRAHAM SHALOM (1838–1902), Hebrew author, editor, and translator. Born in Grodno, he received a traditional education and also studied watchmaking. After wandering from town to town in southern Russia, he returned to Grodno in 1858. His first book Emek ha-Arazim (adapted from Vale of Cedars by Grace Aguilar) was published in 1876 and enjoyed great popularity. After the pogroms of 1881 he joined the Ḥibbat Zion movement. In 1883 he went to St. Petersburg and became associate editor of *Ha-Meliẓ and was influential in directing its editorial policy toward Zionism. He contributed numerous articles to the journal under the heading Me-Inyanei de-Yoma ("On Current Events"), which were signed H. Sh. for Har Shalom, the Hebrew translation of Friedberg. Failing to obtain a permit to remain in St. Petersburg, he left Ha-Meliẓ in 1886 and went to Warsaw, where he contributed to Ha-Ẓefirah and Ha-Asif and translated many books into Hebrew. He was an editor of the first Hebrew encyclopedia, Ha-Eshkol (1888), and was employed by the Aḥi'asaf publishing house. He wrote Toledot ha-Yehudim bi-Sefarad ("History of the Jews in Spain," 1893) based on Graetz, Kayserling, and others, translated into Hebrew M. Guedemann's Geschichte des Erziehungswesens und der Kultur der abendlaendischen Juden, 1880–88 (Sefer ha-Torah ve-ha-Ḥayyim, 1897–99), published Sefer ha-Zikhronot ("Book of Memoirs," 1899), a collection of literary articles and letters of well-known people, and edited the Aḥi'asaf yearbook (vols. 1–6). He also wrote for Der Yid and other Yiddish publications. His memoirs, which appeared in Sokolow's Sefer ha-Shanah (vols. 1 and 3) and in Lu'aḥ Aḥi'asaf (vol. 9), are important for the literary history of the period. His popular reputation was earned by his book Zikhronot le-Veit David ("Memoirs of the House of David," 1893–99), a series of stories embracing Jewish history from the destruction of the first Temple to the beginning of the Haskalah period in Germany. The first two volumes are an adaptation of Geheimnisse der Juden ("Secrets of the Jews") by H. Reckendorf, but the two remaining volumes were written by Friedberg himself. It was frequently republished and was translated into Arabic and Persian.
Y. Rawnitzki, Dor ve-Soferav (1927), 170–4; Maimon (Fishman), in: Ha-Toren, 9, no. 3 (1922), 88–90; 9, no. 4 (1922), 91–95; Waxman, Literature, 4 (1960), 160, 434.
"Friedberg, Abraham Shalom." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/friedberg-abraham-shalom
"Friedberg, Abraham Shalom." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/friedberg-abraham-shalom
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.