Dicker-Brandeis, Friedl (1898–1944)

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Dicker-Brandeis, Friedl (1898–1944)

Austrian-Jewish artist. Name variations: Friedl Dicker; Friedl Brandeisova. Born Friedl Dicker, 1898, in Vienna, Austria; killed 1944 in Auschwitz; studied at Bauhaus, Weimar, with Johannes Itten, Paul Klee, Oskar Schlemmer, and Georg Muche; m. Pavel Brandeis.

Worked in interior, textile and theater design (1921–36); turned from constructivism to still-lifes, landscapes, and portraits (1932–42); deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp (1942); taught art to hundreds of children in the camp; was responsible for much of the 5,000 children's drawings produced at the Theresienstadt (1943–44), a body of work that has become one of the most poignant artifacts of the Holocaust; her own works are now housed at the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles.