Boom, Christel (1927–2004)
Boom, Christel (1927–2004)
East German spy. Born Oct 6, 1927; died of heart failure, Mar 20, 2004; m. Günter Guillaume (spy, div.); children: 1.
One of East Germany's elite spies, played a major role in penetrating the inner circle of Willy Brandt, chancellor of Germany (1969–74); with husband Günter Guillaume, pretended to be a refugee to infiltrate the Social Democratic Party (SPD); opened a coffee shop in Frankfurt (1956) and was soon relaying NATO documents and SPD policy papers to the Stasi, East Germany's secret police (Günter became policy aide to Brandt in 1969); arrested wtih Guillaume (April 24, 1974), was tried and sentenced; released (1981). Their work caused the resignation of Brandt (May 6, 1974).
"Boom, Christel (1927–2004)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boom-christel-1927-2004
"Boom, Christel (1927–2004)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boom-christel-1927-2004
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.