Bondar, Roberta (1945–)
Bondar, Roberta (1945–)
Canadian astronaut. Born Roberta Lynn Bondar, Dec 4, 1945, at Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada; dau. of Edward and Mildred Bondar; University of Guelph, BS, 1968; University of Western Ontario, MS, 1971; University of Toronto, PhD, 1974; McMaster University, MD, 1977.
The 1st Canadian woman astronaut, trained as a neurologist, serving as director of the Multiple Sclerosis Clinic at McMaster University and researching aspects of aerospace medicine; began training with the Canadian Space Agency (1984) and was named chair of Canada's life sciences subcommittee for the space station; as a payload specialist on the Internal Microgravity Laboratory (IML-1) Spacelab mission (Dec 1990), studied microgravity's effects on material processing and living organisms; was the mission's principal investigator for 55 experiments, including studies of taste in space and cerebral blood flow velocity during weightlessness; resigned from astronaut corps (1984) and returned to University of Ottawa to teach.
See also memoir, On the Shuttle: Eight Days in Space (1993); and Women in World History.
"Bondar, Roberta (1945–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bondar-roberta-1945
"Bondar, Roberta (1945–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved March 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bondar-roberta-1945
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.