Blackwood, Hariot (c. 1845–1891)

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Blackwood, Hariot (c. 1845–1891)

Irish reformer and author. Name variations: Lady Dufferin; Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava, Hariot Hamilton. Born Hariot Rowan Hamilton, c. 1845; died after 1891; dau. of Captain A. Rowan Hamilton, of Killyleagh Castle, Down; m. Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st marquis of Dufferin and Ava (1826–1902, British diplomat); children: 3 daughters, 4 sons, including Terence (b. 1866).

When husband was appointed governor-general, accompanied him to Canada (1872–79), and other posts; after he was appointed viceroy of India (1884), started the Countess of Dufferin's Fund in Support of the National Association for Supplying Female Medical Aid to the Women of India, which provided better medical treatment for native women; recorded her experiences in Our Viceregal Life in India (1889) and My Canadian Journal (1891).

See also Women in World History.