Skip to main content
Select Source:

reduce

re·duce / riˈd(y)oōs/ • v. [tr.] 1. make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size: the need for businesses to reduce costs the workforce has been reduced to some 6,100| [as adj.] (reduced) a reduced risk of coronary disease. ∎  [intr.] become smaller or less in size, amount, or degree: the number of priority homeless cases has reduced slightly. ∎  boil (a sauce or other liquid) in cooking so that it becomes thicker and more concentrated. ∎  [intr.] (of a person) lose weight, typically by dieting: by May she had reduced to 125 pounds. ∎ archaic conquer (a place), in particular besiege and capture (a town or fortress). ∎  Photog. make (a negative or print) less dense. ∎  Phonet. articulate (a speech sound) in a way requiring less muscular effort. In vowels, this gives rise to a more central articulatory position. 2. (reduce someone/something to) bring someone or something to (a lower or weaker state, condition, or role): she has been reduced to near poverty the church was reduced to rubble. ∎  (be reduced to doing something) (of a person) be forced by difficult circumstances into doing something desperate: ordinary soldiers are reduced to begging. ∎  make someone helpless with (an expression of emotion, esp. with hurt, shock, or amusement): Olga was reduced to stunned silence. ∎  force into (obedience or submission): he succeeds in reducing his grandees to due obedience. 3. (reduce something to) change a substance to (a different or more basic form): it is difficult to understand how lava could have been reduced to dust. ∎  present a problem or subject in (a simplified form): he reduces unimaginable statistics to manageable proportions. ∎  convert a fraction to (the form with the lowest terms). 4. Chem. cause to combine chemically with hydrogen. ∎  undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are gained by one atom from another. The opposite of oxidize. 5. restore (a dislocated part) to its proper position by manipulation or surgery. ∎  remedy (a dislocation) in such a way. PHRASES: reduced circumstances used euphemistically to refer to the state of being poor after being relatively wealthy: a divorcee living in reduced circumstances. reduce someone to the ranks demote a noncommissioned officer to an ordinary soldier.DERIVATIVES: re·duc·er n. ORIGIN: late Middle English: from Latin reducere, from re- ‘back, again’ + ducere ‘bring, lead.’ The original sense was ‘bring back’ (hence ‘restore,’ now surviving in sense 5); this led to ‘bring to a different state,’ then ‘bring to a simpler or lower state’ (hence sense 3); and finally ‘diminish in size or amount’ (sense 1, dating from the late 18th cent.).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"reduce." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"reduce." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce-0

"reduce." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved July 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

reduce

reduce †bring or lead back XIV; bring or restore to a condition; bring into subjection, bring down XV; diminish XVI. — L. redūcere bring back, restore, replace, f. RE- + dūcere lead, bring.
So reduction XV. — (O)F. or L.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"reduce." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"reduce." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce-1

"reduce." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved July 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce-1

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

reduce

reduce The process of boiling a mixture (especially when making a sauce, soup, or syrup) in an uncovered pan to evaporate surplus liquid and give a more concentrated product.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"reduce." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"reduce." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce

"reduce." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Retrieved July 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

reduce

reduceabstruse, abuse, adduce, Ballets Russes, Belarus, Bruce, burnous, caboose, charlotte russe, conduce, deduce, deuce, diffuse, douce, educe, excuse, goose, induce, introduce, juice, Larousse, loose, luce, misuse, moose, mousse, noose, obtuse, Palouse, papoose, produce, profuse, puce, recluse, reduce, Rousse, seduce, sluice, Sousse, spruce, traduce, truce, use, vamoose, Zeus •cayuse • calaboose • mongoose •Aarhus • verjuice • couscous •footloose • ventouse • refuse •Odysseus • Idomeneus • hypotenuse •Syracuse

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"reduce." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"reduce." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce

"reduce." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved July 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reduce

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.