Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft: Further Reading

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Lyles, W. H. Mary Shelley: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1975.

Lists sources by and about Shelley through 1975.


Mellor, Anne K. Mary Shelley: Her Life, Her Fiction, Her Monsters. New York: Routledge, 1989, 350 p.

Draws on unpublished material and Shelley's fiction to present an analysis of Shelley's life.

Seymour, Miranda. Mary Shelley. New York: Grove Press, 2000, 672 p.

Utilizes feminist scholarship to present a balanced picture of Shelley's life.

Williams, John. Mary Shelley: A Literary Life. London: Palgrave, 2000, 222 p.

Provides an overview of Shelley's life.


Batchelor, Rhonda. "The Rise and Fall of the Eighteenth Century's Authentic Feminine Voice." Eighteenth-Century Fiction 6, no. 4 (July 1994): 347-68.

Suggests that Frankenstein offers formal and thematic echoes of earlier, revolutionary feminist thought.

Bunnell, Charlene E. "Mathilda: Mary Shelley's Romantic Tragedy." Keats-Shelley Journal 66 (1997): 75-96.

Analyzes the theatrical aspects of Mathilda.

Conger, Syndy McMillen. "Mary Shelley's Women in Prison." In Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley After Frankenstein; Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley's Birth, edited by Syndy M. Conger, Frederick S. Frank, and Gregory O'Dea, pp. 81-97. Madison, N.J.: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997.

Explores Shelley's treatment of the metaphoric imprisonment of women, a topic taken up by her mother in her writings, and claims that Shelley thus endorses her mother's profeminist views.

Davis, William. "Mathilda and the Ruin of Masculinity." European Romantic Review 13, no. 2 (2002): 175-81.

Argues that Mathilda presents a vision of male subjectivity that Shelley both adored and detested.

Favret, Mary A. "A Woman Writes the Fiction of Science: The Body in Frankenstein." Genders 14 (fall 1992): 50-65.

Discusses Shelley's role in the reproduction of scientific and cultural ideas about human nature.

Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. "Horror's Twin: Mary Shelley's Monstrous Eye." In The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination, pp. 213-47. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979.

Stresses the literary and sexual themes of Frankenstein, claiming it is a version of the misogynist story found in Milton's Paradise Lost.

Harpold, Terrence. "'Did You Get Mathilda from Papa?': Seduction Fantasy and the Circulation of Mary Shelley's Mathilda." Studies in Romanticism 28 (spring 1989): 49-67.

Offers a psychobiographical interpretation of the novel Mathilda.

Hatlen, Burton. "Milton, Mary Shelley, and Patriarchy." In Rhetoric, Literature, and Interpretation, edited by Harry R. Garvin, pp. 19-47. Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell University Press, 1986.

Contends that Shelley wrote from a radical political position, imbuing her writings with egalitarian and libertarian motifs.

Hoeveler, Diane Long. "Mary Shelley's and Gothic Feminism: The Case of 'The Mortal Immortal.'" In Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley After Frankenstein; Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley's Birth, edited by Syndy M. Conger, Frederick S. Frank, and Gregory O'Dea, pp. 150-63. Madison, N.J.: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997.

Argues that the short story "The Mortal Immortal" suggests that just as there may be a way to make mortals immortal, there may be a way to equalize men and women.

Joseph, Gerhard. "Virginal Sex, Vaginal Text: The 'Folds' of Frankenstein. "In Virginal Sexuality and Textuality in Victorian Literature, edited by Lloyd Davis, pp. 25-32. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Focuses on dreams and sexuality to understand Frankenstein.

Liggins, Emma. "The Medical Gaze and the Female Corpse: Looking at Bodies in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein." Studies in the Novel 32, no. 2 (summer 2002): 129-46.

Argues that Frankenstein draws on contemporary debates about surgery and medical practice, comments on the medical control and violation of women, and explores ideas about sexual desire.

Lokke, Kari. "'Children of Liberty': Idealist Historiography in Staël, Shelley, and Sand." PMLA 118, no. 3 (May 2003): 502-20.

Examines how Shelley responded to and refashioned ideas presented by male idealist philosophers.

London, Bette. "Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, and the Spectacle of Masculinity." PMLA 108, no. 3 (March 1993): 253-67.

Examines the presence of the male body in Frankenstein, contending that it serves as the site of an ineradicable masculinity.

Moers, Ellen. "Female Gothic: The Monster's Mother." New York Review of Books 21 (March 1974): 24-8.

Notes that Shelley's most famous novel became the model for the "female" Gothic, a dominant strain in Gothic fiction.

Poovey, Mary. "My Hideous Progeny: Mary Shelley and the Feminization of Romanticism." PMLA 95, no. 3 (May 1980): 332-47.

Explores the pressures faced by Shelley who was expected to be both an original writer and a conventional feminine model of propriety.

——. "'My Hideous Progeny': The Lady and the Monster." In The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: Ideology as Style in the Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, and Jane Austen, pp. 114-42. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Depicts Shelley as torn between the desire for self-expression and the desire to conform.

Purinton, Marjean D. "Polysexualities and Romantic Generations in Mary Shelley's Mythological Dramas Midas and Prosperine." Women's Writing 6, no. 3 (1999): 385-411.

Examines how Shelley's dramas undermine conventional constructions of male and female genders and how her reconstructions of the mother/daughter relationship open up possibilities of multiple sexualities.

Randel, Fred V. "Frankenstein, Feminism, and the Intertextuality of Mountains." Studies in Romanticism 23, no. 4 (winter 1984): 515-32.

Discusses Frankenstein 's feminism, romanticism, and greatness as a work of art.

Rubenstein, Marc A. "'My Accursed Origin': The Search for the Mother in Frankenstein." Studies in Romanticism 15, no. 2 (spring 1976): 165-94.

Analyzes Frankenstein as a struggle focusing on the role of motherhood.

Sussman, Charlotte. "'Islanded in the World': Cultural Memory and Human Mobility in The Last Man." PMLA 118, no. 2 (March 2003): 286-301.

Discusses The Last Man in the context of contemporary sociopolitical debates, especially those about emigration.


Additional coverage of Shelley's life and career is contained in the following sources published by the Gale Group: Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Vol. 20; Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction: Biography and Resources, Vol. 3; Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults, Vol. 5; British Writers, Vol. 3; British Writers: The Classics, Vol. 2; British Writers Supplement, Vol. 3; Concise Dictionary of British Literary Biography, 1789-1832; Dictionary of Literary Biography; Vols. 110, 116, 159, 178; DISCovering Authors; DISCovering Authors: British Edition and Canadian Edition; DISCovering Authors Modules: Most-studied and Novelists; DISCovering Authors 3.0; Exploring Novels; Literary Movements for Students, Vols. 1, 2; Literature and Its Times, Vol. 1; Literature Resource Center; Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism, Vols. 14, 59, 103; Novels for Students, Vol. 1; Reference Guide to English Literature, Ed. 2; Science Fiction Writers; Something About the Author, Vol. 29; St. James Guide to Horror, Ghost, & Gothic Writers; St. James Guide to Science Fiction Writers, Ed. 4; Twayne's English Authors; World Literature and Its Times, Ed. 3; and World Literature Criticism.

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Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft: Further Reading

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