Skip to main content

Burney, Fanny: Further Reading



Grau, Joseph A. Fanny Burney: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, 1981, 210 p.

Provides a detailed primary and secondary bibliography.


Dobson, Austin. Fanny Burney. London: Macmillan, 1903, 216 p.

Presents an important early biography, the standard until Joyce Hemlow's 1958 study.

Doody, Margaret Anne. Frances Burney: The Life in the Works. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1988, 441 p.

Offers an updated biography of Burney by an important scholar in the history of the novel; takes a psychoanalytic approach and emphasizes Burney's relationship with her family.

Hemlow, Joyce. The History of Fanny Burney. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958, 528 p.

Provides a biography by a foremost Burney scholar.


Agress, Lynne. "Wives and Servants: Proper Conduct for One's Proper Place." In The Feminine Irony: Women on Women in Early-Nineteenth-Century English Literature, pp. 114-45. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1978.

Contends that Evelina offers the message that a young woman must marry well to lead a happy life.

Allen, Emily. "Staging Identity: France Burney's Allegory of Genre." Eighteenth-Century Studies 31, no. 4 (summer 1998): 433-51.

Considers theatricality in Evelina and the creating of female subjectivity.

Backschieder, Paula. "Woman's Influence." Studies in the Novel 11, no. 1 (spring 1979): 3-22.

Analyzes the means by which Evelina learns to influence the men around her.

Bilger, Audrey. Laughing Feminism: Subversive Comedy in Frances Burney, Maria Edgeworth, and Jane Austen. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998, 261 p.

Contends that women authors employed humor to inject their writings with a feminist subtext.

Bradbrook, Frank W. "The Feminist Tradition." In Jane Austen and Her Predecessors, pp. 90-119. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966.

Discusses Jane Austen's literary debt to Burney.

Brown, Martha G. "Fanny Burney's 'Feminism': Gender or Genre?" Fettered or Free? British Women Novelists, 1670-1815, pp. 29-39. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1986.

Argues that feminist tendencies in Burney's novels are less a reflection of her beliefs than a remnant of the romance tradition that inspired her work.

Campbell, Gina. "How to Read Like a Gentleman: Burney's Instructions to Her Critics in Evelina." ELH 57, no. 3 (fall 1990): 557-83.

Evaluates how male characters "read" female characters, making them objectified texts.

Cecil, David. "Fanny Burney." In Poets and Story-Tellers, pp. 77-96. London: Constable, 1949.

Surveys Burney's career as having a place in the history of the novel.

Cutting, Rose Marie. "A Wreath for Fanny Burney's Last Novel: The Wanderer's Contribution to Women's Studies." Illinois Quarterly 37, no. 3 (spring 1975): 45-64.

Asserts the importance of Burney's least acclaimed novel as a depiction of women's historic poverty.

——. "Defiant Women: the Growth of Feminism in Fanny Burney's Novels." Studies in English Literature 17 (1977): 519-30.

Discusses images of women in Burney's novels as heroines and rebels.

Cutting-Gray, Joanne. Woman as 'Nobody' and the Novels of Fanny Burney. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1992, 169 p.

Critiques the conventional connection between women and nature, or artlessness.

Doody, Margaret Anne. "Deserts, Ruins and Troubled Waters: Female Dreams in Fiction and the Development of the Gothic Novel." Genre 10, no. 4 (winter 1977): 529-72.

Discusses the significance of female dreams and madness in novels including Cecilia and Camilla.

Epstein, Julia. "Writing the Unspeakable: Fanny Burney's Mastectomy and the Fictive Body." Representations 16 (fall 1986): 131-66.

Discusses Burney's letter describing her mastectomy and her secrecy about the procedure.

——. The Iron Pen: Frances Burney and the Politics of Women's Writing. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989, 276 p.

Focuses on themes of violence in Burney's novels, interpreting them as instances of her own suppressed rage and evidence of an obsession with violence.

Fizer, Irene. "The Name of the Daughter: Identity and Incest in Evelina." Refiguring the Father: New Feminist Readings of Patriarchy (1989): 78-107.

Interprets the novel as a crisis of the father figure due to the numerous paternal figures it portrays.

Hemlow, Joyce. "Fanny Burney and the Courtesy Books." PMLA 65, no. 5 (September 1950): 732-61.

Traces in Burney's novels the influence of contemporary conduct books.

Hilliard, Raymond F. "Laughter Echoing from Mouth to Mouth: Symbolic Cannibalism and Gender in Evelina." Eighteenth-Century Life 17, no. 1 (February 1993): 46-61.

Psychoanalytic analysis of symbolic violence and its role in the creation and enforcement of gender identity.

Johnson, Claudia L. "Statues, Idiots, Automatons: Camilla." In Equivocal Beings: Politics, Gender, and Sentimentality in the 1790s: Wollstonecraft, Radcliffe, Burney, Austen, pp. 141-64. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Proposes Burney's heroines as the novelist's ideal of feminine propriety.

Kowaleski-Wallace, Beth. "A Night at the Opera: The Body, Class, and Art in Evelina and Frances Burney's Early Diaries." In History, Gender and Eighteenth-Century Literature, edited by Beth Fowkes Tobin, pp. 141-58. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994.

Argues that Evelina attempts to define herself in relation to others' misbehavior, viewing this practice as suggestive of Burney's own social ideology.

McMaster, Juliet. "The Silent Angel: Impediments to Female Expression in Frances Burney's Novels." Studies in the Novel 21, no. 3 (fall 1989): 235-52.

Interprets Burney's novels in terms of the difficulty of female self-expression.

Richetti, John. "Voice and Gender in Eighteenth-Century Fiction: Haywood to Burney." Studies in the Novel 19 (1987): 263-72.

Examines the narrative power Evelina develops through the satirical voice in her letters.

Rogers, Katharine M. "Fanny Burney: The Private Self and the Published Self." International Journal of Women's Studies 7, no. 2 (March-April 1984): 110-17.

Contends that Burney created her heroines to be less independent than Burney herself.

Spacks, Patricia Meyer. "Dynamics of Fear: Fanny Burney." In Imagining a Self: Autobiography and Novel in Eightieth-Century England, pp. 158-92. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.

Uses Burney's letters and diaries to support an autobiographical analysis of her novels, suggesting that the novels allowed Burney freer self-expression.

Staves, Susan. "Evelina; or, Female Difficulties." Modern Philology 73, no. 4 (May 1976): 368-81.

Contends that the focus of Evelina is the heroine's powerful anxiety; emphasizes the psychological implications of the novel.

Straub, Kristina. "Women's Pastimes and the Ambiguity of Female Self-Identification in Fanny Burney's Evelina." Eighteenth-Century Life 10, no. 2 (May 1986): 58-72.

Examines Burney's discomfort with the ways women were told to spend their time; finds in Evelina an attempt to separate female identity from trivial female pursuits.


Additional coverage of Burney's life and career is contained in the following sources published by the Gale Group: British Writers Supplement, Vol. 3; Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 39; Literature Resource Center; Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism, Vols. 12, 54, 107; Novels for Students, Vol. 16; Reference Guide to English Literature, Ed. 2; and Twayne's English Authors.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Burney, Fanny: Further Reading." Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion. . 18 Jul. 2019 <>.

"Burney, Fanny: Further Reading." Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion. . (July 18, 2019).

"Burney, Fanny: Further Reading." Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion. . Retrieved July 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.