social solidarity One principal theme in the work of Émile Durkheim concerns the sources of moral and therefore social order in society. In particular, Durkheim was concerned to elaborate the connection between the individual and society, in a time of growing individualism, social dislocation, and moral diversification. In his famous treatise on The Division of Labour in Society (1893) he juxtaposed the solidarity of resemblance, characteristic of segmented, opaque societies where ‘mechanical solidarity’ prevailed, to the solidarity of occupational interdependence in morally dense societies characterized by ‘organic solidarity’. The transition from one to the other was neither obvious nor inevitable–as he was the first to admit in his afterwords on abnormal forms of the division of labour. In subsequent writings, Durkheim sought to make suggestions as to the institutional solutions to the problems of moral regulation and social integration in contemporary societies, in particular suggesting the importance of the ‘occupational association’ (a sort of modern equivalent of the medieval guild) as a mediator between the individual and society. In the Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), social solidarity–society–was found to be the very object of collective worship.
More From encyclopedia.com
Elites , Elites The concept of elites is used to describe certain fundamental features of organized social life. All societies—simple and complex, agricultura… Social Statistics , The concept of social statics relates to the assumption that the order of society is knowable. Without this basic premise, the study of the social sc… Social Order , social order Explanations of social order, of how and why societies cohere, are the central concern of sociology. The ‘Hobbesian problem of order’, f… Society , A group of perennial problems in social philosophy arises from the concept "society" itself and from its relation to the "individual." What is the on… Real Socialism , real socialism With the non-applicability of the terms socialism and communism, given the divergence of the reality of Soviet socialism from the idea… Lawrence Kohlberg , Kohlberg, Lawrence Kohlberg, Lawrence 1927–1987 AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST, EDUCATOR UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, PhD, 1958 BRIEF OVERVIEW Lawrence Kohlberg was…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like