There are three key issues. Research subjects' right to refuse to co-operate with a study is clear-cut in relation to interview surveys, but is not always observed in relation to case-studies, especially when covert observation is employed. Research subjects' right for information supplied to researchers to remain not only anonymous but also confidential in the broader sense is rarely disputed, but again may be difficult to observe in practice, especially when analyses of study results reveal more than may be intended. The right to give or withhold informed consent, if necessary after the research has been completed, ensures that research results are not made public without the subjects' knowing agreement. These and other issues are raised by the excellent collection of (still fresh) case-studies reported in Gideon Sjoberg ( ed.) , Ethics, Politics, and Social Research (1967)
. See also ETHICS.
"research ethics." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 12, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/research-ethics
"research ethics." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Retrieved October 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/research-ethics