organizational reach In his extensive historical study of The Social Sources of Power (vol. i, 1986), the British sociologist Michael Mann offers a fourfold typology of types of organizational reach, a term he uses to describe the characteristics of social power networks. One dimension of the typology distinguishes between the extensive and intensive power of organizations; that is, ‘the ability to organize large numbers of people over far-flung territories in order to engage in minimally stable cooperation’ (extensive power), as against ‘the ability to organise tightly and command a high level of mobilization or commitment from the participants’ (intensive power). The other dimension of the typology distinguishes authoritative and diffused power; that is, ‘power actually willed by groups and institutions’ (including definite commands and conscious obedience), as against power which ‘spreads in a more spontaneous, unconscious, decentred way throughout a population’ (for example an understanding that certain shared social practices are natural or moral). Examples of the four forms of organizational reach thus generated include an army command structure (intensive and authoritative), militarist empire (extensive and authoritative), a general strike (intensive and diffused), and market exchange (extensive and diffused).
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referent power , referent power In one of the many available typologies of power, J. R. P. French and and B. Raven (‘The Bases of Social Power’, in D. Cartwright ( ed… Power , Power The meanings of power, influence, control, and domination are uncertain, shifting, and overlapping. Although two of these words may be intercha… Extension , Skip to main content extension As a primitive term, extension can be defined only ostensively, by pointing to a corporeal substance, the parts of whi… extensive , ex·ten·sive / ikˈstensiv/ • adj. 1. covering or affecting a large area: an extensive garden. ∎ large in amount or scale: an extensive collection of s… Power Of Attorney , A written document in which one person (the principal) appoints another person to act as an agent on his or her behalf, thus conferring authority on… intensity , in·ten·si·ty / inˈtensitē/ • n. (pl. -ties) 1. the quality of being intense: gazing into her face with disconcerting intensity the pain grew in inten…
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