community safety A concept which is sometimes used interchangeably with that of ‘crime prevention’ in criminological debates. The argument that the community can be both the cause (as, for instance, in some of the writings of the Chicago School) and the solution of the crime problem is not new. Ironically, at a time when critiques of post-industrial or mass society are mourning the loss of ‘traditional communities’, the idea that tackling criminal victimization is the responsibility of a broad base within the community has regained prominence in criminal justice policies and practices. Communities have been given a role in local crime prevention through the emphasis on physical measures to reverse the broken window syndrome. Members of the community are encouraged to take a share in deviance control by co-operating with the police and fulfilling their moral obligations as active citizens. However, critics of this philosophy have argued that the idea of citizen involvement in community safety programmes presumes both that we can identify and agree upon who the citizens are that make up a community, and what the crime concerns are for such citizens. In reality, some ethnic, gender, and age-groups are less visible, and (it is argued) their needs are therefore taken less seriously than are those of others in the ‘community’.
More From encyclopedia.com
Victimless Crime , In the continuing debate over the proper scope of the criminal law, it has frequently been suggested that certain crimes are in reality "victimless"… Solicitation , Introduction Solicitation, or incitement, is the act of trying to persuade another person to commit a crime that the solicitor desires and intends to… Criminology , criminology, the study of crime, society's response to it, and its prevention, including examination of the environmental, hereditary, or psychologic… Communalism , Communalism is the name for sets of social movements and theories (religious, social, and political). People usually live in communities, the excepti… Commune , com·mune1 / ˈkämˌyoōn/ • n. 1. a group of people living together and sharing possessions and responsibilities. 2. the smallest French territorial div… Crime , Crime Crime is often defined as "conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, of the federal government, or of a local jurisdiction, for whi…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like