social fact A complex notion, with attributes of externality, constraint, and ineluctability. It is to be understood within the context of Émile Durkheim's conception of collective conscience and collective representations. Social facts are ways of acting which emanate from collectively elaborated and therefore authoritative rules, maxims, and practices, both religious and secular. Norms and institutions are examples of social facts in more or less solidified forms. They constitute practices of the group taken collectively and thus impose themselves and are internalized by the individual. Because they are collectively elaborated they are moral and therefore constrain individual behaviour. The interesting problem for sociologists concerns the gap between the ideal representations and the material social organizations and their constituent actions–as, for example, between the socially approved norms and the actual practice.
fact, social See SOCIAL FACT.
More From encyclopedia.com
Hence (after , fact / fakt/ • n. a thing that is indisputably the case. ∎ a piece of information used as evidence or as part of a report or news article. ∎ chiefly… Society , A group of perennial problems in social philosophy arises from the concept "society" itself and from its relation to the "individual." What is the on… Social Problems , The discipline of sociology was born during a century of rapid social change attributable largely to the Industrial Revolution. Social theorists in n… Social Order , social order Explanations of social order, of how and why societies cohere, are the central concern of sociology. The ‘Hobbesian problem of order’, f… Real Socialism , real socialism With the non-applicability of the terms socialism and communism, given the divergence of the reality of Soviet socialism from the idea… Social Capital , Social capital is a form of capital that exists within relationships among individuals. According to Bourdieu (1986), capital is accumulated labor th…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like
Social Darwinism Emerges and Is Used to Justify Imperialism, Racism, and Conservative Economic and Social Policies