The distinction between achievement and ascription is heuristic and by no means absolute. Arguably, for example, an individual's social class standing might be an achieved or an ascribed status—depending on whether the researcher chooses to define class in terms of occupational attainment or family background. Similarly, some apparently achievement-based outcomes (including examination performance and occupational attainment themselves), can at least in part reflect ascriptive mechanisms—such as gender discrimination or race prejudice. See also MERITOCRACY.
"status, achieved." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/status-achieved
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