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shiver

shiv·er1 / ˈshivər/ • v. [intr.] (of a person or animal) shake slightly and uncontrollably as a result of being cold, frightened, or excited: they shivered in the damp foggy cold. • n. a momentary trembling movement: she gave a little shiver as the wind flicked at her bare arms the way he looked at her sent shivers down her spine. ∎  (the shivers) a spell or an attack of trembling, typically as a result of fear or horror: a look that gave him the shivers. DERIVATIVES: shiv·er·er n. shiv·er·ing·ly adv. shiv·er·y / ˈshiv(ə)rē/ adj. shiv·er2 • n. (usu. shivers) each of the small fragments into which something such as glass is shattered when broken; a splinter. • v. [intr.] rare break into such splinters or fragments: the world seemed to shiver into a million splinters of prismatic color. PHRASES: shiver my (or me) timbers a mock oath attributed to sailors.

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shiver

shiver2 tremble as with cold or fear. XIII. Early ME. chivere, superseded by shiver XV, prob. by assoc. with shake (cf. chivere and schake XIV); perh. orig. referring to chattering of the teeth (cf. chevere with the chin XV) and so an alt. by substitution of -ER4 of ME. chavele, chefle wag the jaws, chatter, and chevele, chivele shiver (XIV), f. OE. ċeafl jaw, JOWL.

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shiver

shiver1 fragment, chip. XIII. Early ME. scifre, scivre, corr. to OHG. scivaro splinter (G. schiefer slate, for schieferstein), f. Gmc. *skîff- split.
So vb. XII (in †to-shiver). cf. MDu. scheveren, MHG. schiveren. (G. schiefern).

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shiver

shiveraquiver, downriver, forgiver, giver, quiver, river, shiver, sliver, upriver •silver • mitzvah • lawgiver • Oliver •miniver, Nineveh •quicksilver •conniver, contriver, diver, driver, fiver, Godiva, Ivor, jiver, Liver, reviver, saliva, skiver, striver, survivor, viva •skydiver • slave-driver • piledriver •screwdriver •bovver, hover •Moskva •revolver, solver •windhover •Canova, Casanova, clover, Dover, drover, Grsbover, Jehovah, left-over, Markova, Moldova, moreover, Navrátilová, nova, ova, over, Pavlova, rover, trover, up-and-over •layover • flyover • handover •changeover •makeover, takeover •walkover • spillover • pullover •Hanover • turnover • hangover •wingover • sleepover • slipover •popover, stopover •Passover • crossover • once-over •pushover • leftover

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