jowl

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jowl / joul/ • n. (often jowls) the lower part of a person's or animal's cheek, esp. when it is fleshy or drooping: she had a large nose and heavy jowls. ∎  the cheek of a pig used as meat. ∎  the loose fleshy part of the neck of certain animals, such as the dewlap of cattle or the wattle of birds. DERIVATIVES: jowled adj. [in comb.] ruddy-jowled.jowl·y adj.

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jowl. Part of a post in timber-framed construction at the top or bottom, wider than the rest of the post on one face, to house tie-beams, wall-plates, etc. Tops of crown-posts are often jowled.

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jowl1 jaw, jawbone; as in phr. cheek by jowl, which repl. cheek by cheek. XVI. Later form of chawle, reduction of ME. chauel, OE. ċeafl, corr. to OS. *kaƀal (in d. pl. kaflun), rel. to MHG. kivel, Du. kevel.

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jowlafoul, befoul, cowl, foul, fowl, growl, howl, jowl, owl, prowl, Rabaul, scowl, yowl •gamefowl • peafowl • wildfowl •moorfowl • waterfowl

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jowl2 dewlap, crop, wattle. XVI. Later form of ME. cholle (XIV), OE. ċeole, -u=OS., OHG. kela (G. kehle), throat, gullet.

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jowl3 head. XIV (jolrap head-rope). Later form of cholle (XIV), of unkn. orig.