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Schooner

SCHOONER

SCHOONER. A schooner is a sailing vessel that, in its pure form, originated at Gloucester, Massachusetts, in 1713–1714. It is a fore-and-aft-rigged craft, originally small (fifty to one hundred tons), with two masts, designed for coastwise trade. It developed in the 1880s and 1890s into vessels of two to three thousand tons, having four, five, and even six masts. Only one seven-master was attempted (1901–1902), the Thomas W. Lawson, which was 368 feet long and 5,200 tons.

The use of schooners began to decline gradually in the mid-1800s with the advent of steam-powered vessels, but the schooner has always stood as the favorite and distinctive rig of American waters.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Hahn, Harold M. The Colonial Schooner, 1763–1775. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1981.

MacGregor, David R. Schooners in Four Centuries. Annapolis, Md.; Naval Institute Press, 1982.

William LincolnBrown/a. r.

See alsoColonial Ships ; Shipbuilding ; Transportation and Travel .

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schooner

schooner (skōō´nər), sailing vessel, rigged fore-and-aft, with from two to seven masts. Schooners can lie closer to the wind than square-rigged sailing ships, need a smaller crew, and are very fast. They were first constructed in colonial America and because of their speed became one of the favorite craft of the United States and Canada in the latter half of the 18th cent. and the first half of the 19th cent. Schooners were widely used in the North Atlantic fisheries and the North American coastal trade until World War I, when they were replaced by power-driven craft.

See H. I. Chapelle, The History of American Sailing Ships (1935); J. F. Leavitt, Wake of the Coasters (1970); N. Haley, The Schooner Era (1972).

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schooner

schoon·er / ˈskoōnər/ • n. 1. a sailing ship with two or more masts, typically with the foremast smaller than the mainmast, and having gaff-rigged lower masts. 2. a tall beer glass.

schooner

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schooner

schooner small sea-going fore-and-aft-rigged vessel. XVIII (skooner, scooner). of uncert. orig.

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schooner

schoonerbelladonna, Connor, donna, goner, gonna, honour (US honor), Maradona, Mashona, O'Connor, Shona, wanna •corner, fauna, forewarner, Lorna, Morna, mourner, sauna, scorner, suborner, warner •softener • Faulkner •downer, uptowner •sundowner •Arizona, Barcelona, boner, condoner, corona, Cremona, Desdemona, donor, Fiona, groaner, Iona, Jonah, kroner, Leona, loaner, loner, moaner, Mona, owner, Pamplona, persona, postponer, Ramona, stoner, toner, Valona, Verona, Winona •landowner • homeowner • shipowner •coiner, joiner, purloiner •crooner, harpooner, lacuna, lacunar, lampooner, Luna, lunar, mizuna, Oona, oppugner, Poona, pruner, puna, schooner, spooner, Tristan da Cunha, tuna, tuner, Una, vicuña, yokozuna •honeymooner • Sunna • Brookner •koruna

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