ferry

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FERRY

A specially constructed vessel to bring passengers and property across rivers and other bodies of water from one shoreline to another, making contact with a thoroughfare at each terminus. The landing place for a boat. A right or privilege to maintain a vessel upon a body of water in order to transport people and their vehicles across it in exchange for payment of a reasonable toll.

Technically a ferry is considered a continuation of a highway from one side of the body of water that it passes over to the other.

The privilege of handling a ferry is called a franchise. A ferry franchise is a permit from the state to a specifically named individual giving that person the authority to operate a ferry. It is a general prerequisite to the lawful establishment of a public ferry. The operator of a ferry is not relieved of the duty to obtain a franchise by formation of a company, since the franchise becomes a contract between the owner and the state.

Usually the grant of a ferry franchise implicitly gives the recipient the power to collect tolls. Ferriage is the fare that the ferry operator may charge. The unauthorized establishment of another ferry within competing distance of an already existing one constitutes an infringement of the ferry franchise, even in the absence of physical interference.

A ferry franchise can be terminated either by expiration of its term or by revocation by the licensing authorities. It is generally subject to renewal, for which the original owner is usually given a preference.

A public ferry is for use by the public at large, whereas a private ferry is operated solely for the benefit of its proprietor.

The state has intrinsic authority to regulate and control ferries that operate within its borders. It may exercise such power by law or by contract with the operator. The state may regulate the transportation of dangerous articles, the nature and frequency of service, and the location of terminals. In addition, it may impose a license fee or tax on the operation of ferries within its boundaries.

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fer·ry / ˈferē/ • n. (pl. -ries) (also fer·ry·boat) a boat or ship for conveying passengers and goods, esp. over a relatively short distance and as a regular service. ∎  a service for conveying passengers or goods in this way. ∎  a similar service using another mode of transportation, esp. aircraft. • v. (-ries, -ried) [tr.] convey in a boat, esp. across a short stretch of water: riverboats ferried weekend picnickers to the park. ∎  transport (someone or something) from one place to another: helicopters ferried 4,000 men into the desert.

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ferryBarry, Carrie, carry, Cary, Clarrie, Gary, glengarry, harry, intermarry, Larry, marry, miscarry, parry, tarry •angry • chapelry • cavalry • lamprey •Crabtree •gantry, pantry •Langtry • polyandry •askari, Bari, Cagliari, calamari, Campari, charivari, curare, Ferrari, Harare, Kalahari, Mari, Mata Hari, Qatari, Rastafari, safari, sari, Scutari, shikari, sparry, starry, Stradivari, tamari, terramare, Vasari, Zanzibari •compadre • chantry •beriberi, berry, bury, Ceri, cherry, Derry, ferry, Gerry, jerry, Kerry, merry, perry, Pondicherry, sherry, terry, very, wherry •débris • Hendry • Geoffrey • belfry •devilry, revelry •Henri, henry •peltry •entry, gentry, sentry •pedantry •peasantry, pheasantry, pleasantry •vestry • every • elderberry •checkerberry • whortleberry •chokecherry • daredevilry •Londonderry • knobkerrie

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ferry Passenger, vehicle or freight-carrying boat. Most are powered by diesel or diesel-electric engines, and some high speed passenger ferries are hydrofoils. Recently there has been concern over the safety of certain ferry designs, following disasters such as the sinking of the Estonia in the Baltic Sea (September 1994), which resulted in over 900 fatalities.

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ferry place where boats pass over to transport passengers, etc. XII (in personal names), XIV. — ON. ferja ferry-boat or ferju-, as in ferjukarl, -maðr ferryman, -skip ferryboat = MDu. *vēre (Du. veer), MHG. vēr(e) (G. fähre) :- Gmc. *farjōn, f. *far- go (see FARE2).
So vb. — ON. ferja = OS., OE. ferian carry, transport, OHG. ferren (MHG. vern), Goth. farjan :- Gmc. *farjan.

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ferri- (ferro-) combining form denoting iron.