res·i·dence / ˈrez(ə)dəns; ˈrezəˌdens/ • n. a person's home; the place where someone lives. ∎ the official house of a government minister or other public and official figure. ∎ the fact of living in a particular place: Rome was his main place of residence.PHRASES: in residence living in or occupying a particular place: the guests in residence at the hotel. ∎ (—— in residence) a person with a particular occupation (esp. an artist or writer) paid to work in a college or other institution.take up residence start living in a particular place.
Personal presence at some place of abode.
Although the domicile and residence of a person are usually in the same place, and the two terms are frequently used as if they have the same meaning, they are not synonymous. A person can have two places of residence, such as one in the city and one in the country, but only one domicile. Residence means living in a particular locality, but domicile means living in that locality with the intent to make it a fixed and permanent home. Residence merely requires bodily presence as an inhabitant in a given place, whereas domicile requires bodily presence in that place and also an intention to make it one's permanent home.
This distinction is relevant for members of the military, who may move frequently during the course of a typical career; college students, whose state of domicile may affect whether they are eligible for scholarships and grants from a state university; and retired individuals, whose domicile will determine where they pay taxes. Domicile determines where a person votes and where a person's driver's license is issued.
1. Dwelling place, especially of a person of rank or distinction.
2. Settlement of traders.
3. Fact of living in a place for the discharge of duties, e.g. the presence of incumbents in benefices, or with reference to colleges, universities, etc.
4. Seat of a Court (e.g. Residenz in Germany, so a Residenz-Stadt is a town where a princely court is based (e.g. Munich, Würzburg, etc.).
5. A residential quarter is a district of a town which is predominantly or entirely for housing.