[French, The country; the neighborhood.] A trial per pais denotes a trial by the country; that is, trial by jury.
An estoppel in pais means that a party is prevented by his or her own conduct from obtaining the enforcement of a right which would operate to the detriment of another who justifiably relied on such conduct. This type of estoppel differs from an estoppel by deed or by record which, as a result of the language set out in a document, bars the enforcement of a claim against a party who acted in reliance upon those written terms.
"Pais." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pais
"Pais." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Retrieved April 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pais
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"PAIS." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pais
"PAIS." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Retrieved April 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pais