Skip to main content

Richmond, Zoe Blanche Russell(1888-1986)

Richmond, Zoe Blanche Russell(1888-1986)

Honorary associate of the Society for Psychical Research (SPR), London. Born June 14, 1888, in London, England. In 1914 she married Kenneth Forbes Richmond, whom she assisted in investigations of mediumship, in particular the phenomena of Gladys Osborne Leonard.

She joined the Society for Psychical Research in 1922. Subsequently she developed the faculty of automatic writing and was herself the subject of SPR experiments. She contributed a number of articles to Light (published by the London Spiritual-ist Alliance), and published Evidence of Purpose (1938), in which she reviewed purposive messages through mediums from deceased individuals.

Sources:

Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York: Paragon House, 1991.

Richmond, Zoe. Evidence of Purpose. N.p., 1938.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Richmond, Zoe Blanche Russell(1888-1986)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Richmond, Zoe Blanche Russell(1888-1986)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/richmond-zoe-blanche-russell1888-1986

"Richmond, Zoe Blanche Russell(1888-1986)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/richmond-zoe-blanche-russell1888-1986

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.