Richter, Ernst Friedrich (Eduard)
Richter, Ernst Friedrich (Eduard)
Richter, Ernst Friedrich (Eduard) , eminent German music theorist, teacher, organist, and composer; b. Gross-Schönau, Oct. 24, 1808; d. Leipzig, April 9, 1879. He studied at the Zittau Gymnasium and then pursued theological studies at the Univ. of Leipzig; received instruction in music from the Kantor Weinlig. When the Leipzig Cons. was founded in 1843, he became Hauptmann’s co-adjutor as teacher of harmony. He conducted the Leipzig Singakademie (1843–47), and was organist of the Petrikirche (from 1851) and the Neukirche (from 1862). In 1868 became music director of the Nikolaikirche and cantor of the Thomasschule. He composed several sacred cantatas, masses, Psalms, etc., and also wrote chamber music, piano pieces, and organ compositions. But he became primarily known as the compiler of practical and useful manuals on harmony, counterpoint, and fugue, which went into numerous eds. and trs. into all European languages, among them Die Grundzüge der musikalischen Formen und ihre Analyse (Leipzig, 1852), Lehrbuch der Harmonie (Leipzig, 1853; 36th ed., 1953; Eng. tr., N.Y., 1867; newly tr. by T. Baker from the 25th Ger. ed., N.Y., 1912; also in Swedish, Russian, Polish, Italian, French, Spanish, and Dutch), Lehrbuch der Fuge (Leipzig, 1859; 9th ed., 1921; in Eng., London, 1878; also in Fr.), Katechismus der Orgel (Leipzig, 1868; 4th ed., 1896), and Lehrbuch des einfachen und doppelten Kontrapunkts (Leipzig, 1872; 15th ed., 1920; Eng. tr., London, 1874, and N.Y., 1884; also in Fr. and Russian). His son, Alfred Richter, brought out an Aufgabenbuch zu E.F. Richters Harmonielehre (Leipzig, 1879; 64th ed., 1952).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
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