The "Magic Bullet" that Killed JFK?
The "Magic Bullet" that Killed JFK?
the question of who killed u.s. president john f. kennedy (1917–1963) on november 22, 1963, has been a subject of controversy. conspiracy theorists dispute allegations that lee harvey oswald was able to accurately hit a moving target at that distance with the bolt-action rifle allegedly in his possession. they insist one person could not have fired so many shots so quickly from this type of rifle.
in 1964, the warren commission, a group of government officials investigating the assassination, concluded that a single bullet passed through kennedy's body and struck texas governor john connally. a fatal second shot hit the president in the head, and another bullet missed the presidential automobile altogether.
conspiracy theorists dismiss the so-called "magic bullet" that passed through kennedy and through the back, ribs, right wrist, and left leg of connally. governor and nellie connally believed that two bullets had struck the president and that a third and separate bullet had wounded the governor.
on july 3, 1997, former u.s. president gerald ford, the only surviving member of the warren commission, admitted he had altered the commission's description of the gunshot. according to ford, the original text said that a bullet had entered kennedy's back at a point slightly above the shoulder and to the right of the spine. ford changed the bullet's entrance point from kennedy's upper back to "the base of the back of the neck." such a seemingly minor change would support the commission's single-assassin hypothesis that was based on the "magical" path of a single bullet that could pass through kennedy's neck and leave another six wounds on his body before striking texas governor john connally's back, ribs, right wrist, and left leg. ford told the associated press, "my changes were only an attempt to be more precise. i think our judgments have stood the test of time."
a poll conducted by the university of ohio and scripps howard news service in 1997 revealed that 51 percent of americans dismissed the "magic bullet" theory. twenty percent believed federal government agents killed kennedy. another 33 percent, while not accusing government agents, felt that a conspiracy was "somewhat likely."
"ford faked jfk report." tabloid news services. [Online] http://www.tabloid.net.
lane, mark. plausible denial. new york: thunder's mouth press, 1991.
summers, anthony. conspiracy. new york: paragon house, 1989.
vankin, jonathan, and john whalen. the 60 greatest conspiracies of all time. new york: barnes & noble, 1996.
"The "Magic Bullet" that Killed JFK?." Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/magic-bullet-killed-jfk
"The "Magic Bullet" that Killed JFK?." Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained. . Retrieved September 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/magic-bullet-killed-jfk
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.