Skip to main content

Lynn, Thomas (ca. 1928)

Lynn, Thomas (ca. 1928)

A coal miner medium in northern England and the subject of remarkable experiments by James Hewat McKenzie and Major C. Mowbray in photographing the arrival and ectoplasmic mechanism of apports. Lynn's mediumship developed around 1913 in his home circle, but he did not exercise physical mediumship before 1926. Extrusions of ectoplasm, small coils or rods of varying shapes, were seen to issue from the pit of his stomach, to perform minor physical feats, and leave after their disappearancered marks like punctures behind on the medium's skin.

Apports of small, insignificant objects were the most impressive phenomena. In earlier séances, held in the dark, it was said that small bottles arrived containing wax in various shapes and molded images. In the experimental séances held in light by the investigators of the British College of Psychic Science, no such bottles were apported.

The first series of these experimental sittings took place in July 1928. Two cameras were used, one whole-plate with ordinary lens, and a half-plate with quartz lens. The medium was put in a bag and his hands were tied to his knees with tapes.

The flashlight photographs showed luminous connections between the medium's body and the apports. The sittings were continued in September 1928 and were repeated at the college in March 1929. By then, Lynn abandoned his former occupation and became a professional medium. At the time, the curious photographs secured in these séances were believed by many to throw new light on the problem of apports, though at present most believe that such apports were simply the sign of the medium's engagement in fraud. For a detailed report on the Lynn phenomena, including photographs, see Psychic Science (Vol. 8, no. 2, July 1929: 129-37).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lynn, Thomas (ca. 1928)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lynn, Thomas (ca. 1928)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lynn-thomas-ca-1928

"Lynn, Thomas (ca. 1928)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lynn-thomas-ca-1928

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.