The London Group is a British initiatory magical organization founded in 1975 by former members of the Fraternity of the Inner Light, the group originally founded by Dion Fortune (1890-1946). Fortune, a member of the Stella Matutina, one of the splinter groups into which the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn had divided, claimed direct contact with the inner planes of wisdom. Mixing Golden Dawn material with her own teaching, she developed a strong organization which has continued until the present. During the last half of the twentieth century, however, changes began to be introduced into the fraternity's program. It became more open and dropped some of the initiatory overlay.
The London Group, based in the city, but by no means limited to it, offers a program designed to be more suitable to the present generation. Innovation is invited, and contemporary psychological insights integrated into the group's material. Prospective members are invited to take two courses, one in basic occult perspectives and the Cabala (or Kabbalah), followed by one introducing the mysteries (i.e., magic) and the use of ritual and symbol. Those who complete these courses may then be invited to take the Threshold course that actually prepares them to join the group as working members.
The group emphasizes practical work and action and has little toleration for mere occult philosophy. It aims at the personal regeneration of each member through high magic. Members are also expected to have an impact upon the larger society as it is believed that regenerated persons will assist in the continued evolution of humanity.
Barrett, David V. Sects, 'Cults,' and Alternative Religions: A World Survey and Source Book. London: Blandford, 1996.
"London Group." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/london-group
"London Group." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved February 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/london-group
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.