Skip to main content

Lonardi, Eduardo (1896–1956)

Lonardi, Eduardo (1896–1956)

A member of the Argentine military, Eduardo Lonardi served as de facto president of the nation from September 23 to November 13, 1955, after having led the Revolución Libertadora (Liberating Revolution), the military coup that overthrew President Juan Domingo Perón on September 16.

Lonardi studied at the Military School and at the Higher School of War. In 1951 he took part in an unsuccessful military coup against Perón, and then went into retirement. In that same year Perón was reelected president, but in the middle of his second term he lost the backing of the Catholic Church, with whom he was having increasingly serious conflicts, as well as the backing of important military and business sectors, in the midst of growing economic difficulties. Relations between the government and the opposition, already tense, became even more strained. In September 1955 General Lonardi led a new coup d'état; its success was not assured until it was joined by the navy under the command of Isaac Rojas and by army divisions led by Pedro Aramburu.

Lonardi assumed the de facto presidency on September 23, established an advisory board composed of non-Peronist politicians, and dissolved the congress. Representing the nationalist Catholic sector of the armed forces under the slogan "neither victorious nor vanquished," he attempted to implement a policy of reconciliation toward the Peronists. He did not take over control of the unions and did not ban the Peronist Party (though the party was stripped of its leader). The liberal military sector and the political forces that had supported the uprising were not happy with his conciliatory approach, and in November Lonardi was deposed by General Aramburu, who gave a hard-line, anti-Peronist orientation to the Liberating Revolution. Lonardi died of cancer in 1956.

See alsoAramburu, Pedro Eugenio; Argentina: The Twentieth Century; Argentina, Political Parties: Justicialist Party; Perón, Juan Domingo; Rojas, Isaac.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Caimari, Lila. Perón y la Iglesia católica: Religión, estado y sociedad en Argentina (1943–1955). Buenos Aires: Ariel, 1995.

Novaro, Marcos. Historia de la Argentina contemporánea: De Perón a Kirchner. Buenos Aires: Edhasa, 2006.

Potash, Robert A. El ejército y la política en la Argentina: 1945–1962, de Perón a Frondizi. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana, 1984.

Torre, Juan Carlos. La vieja guardia sindical y Perón. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana, 1990.

                                        Vicente Palermo

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lonardi, Eduardo (1896–1956)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lonardi, Eduardo (1896–1956)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lonardi-eduardo-1896-1956

"Lonardi, Eduardo (1896–1956)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lonardi-eduardo-1896-1956

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.