Lombers, Council of
LOMBERS, COUNCIL OF
Meeting in May or June 1165, in the French castle of Lombers, about ten miles south of Albi, France. Here, for the first time in Languedoc, the cathari, then called Bonshommes and later known as albigenses, were prosecuted for heresy. Neither a colloquium nor a provincial council, the assembly was a trial conducted by authority of the bishop of albi, a suffragan of Bourges, with the bishops and abbots of neighboring Narbonne province, several great nobles, and the local populace in attendance. Assisted by four assessores, the bishop of Lodève examined the accused and found them heretical on seven counts. All present approved these findings, although their action did little to check the growth of the movement.
Bibliography: Sacrosancta Concilia, ed. p. labbe and g. cossart, 17 v. (Paris 1671–73) 10:1470–79, under the year 1176, original ed. of complete acta; Chronica magistri Rogeri de Houedene, ed. w. stubbs, 4 v. (Rerum Brittanicarum medii aevi scriptores 51; 1868–71) 2:105–117, xvii–xxii, abr. version under the year 1176. c. de vic and j. vaissete, Histoire générale de Languedoc, ed. e. dulaurier et al., 16 v. in 17 (new ed. Toulouse 1872–1904) 6:3–5 and esp. 7:1–5, n.l for place (not Lombez) and date. c. j. von hefele, Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, tr. and continued by h. leclercq, 10 v. in 19 (Paris 1907–38) 5:1006–10, for bibliog., otherwise unreliable. a. borst, Die Katharer (Schriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica 12; Stuttgart 1953) 95–96, with bibliog.
"Lombers, Council of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lombers-council
"Lombers, Council of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lombers-council
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.