1. (nuclear) A nuclear reaction involving the ejection of many particles from an atomic nucleus, following a collision with a high-energy particle. Both the mass number and the atomic number of the target nucleus are changed by the event.
2. (planetary geol.) The removal of the surface layers of a rock by the interaction of a compressional shock wave with the surface, caused by micrometeorite impact. See ‘ZAP PITS’.
"spallation." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 15, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/spallation
"spallation." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved February 15, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/spallation