Pavlov, IvanPetrovich

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Pavlov, IvanPetrovich (1849–1936)A Russian physiologist who is renowned for his research into blood circulation, digestion (for which he was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize), and conditioned behaviour in animals. From 1928 until his death he concentrated on the application of the principles of conditioning to psychiatric therapy. His approach to his behavioural work was based on the application of objective experiment to mental processes and the rejection of the mind–body dualism characteristic of earlier psychological studies.