1. Applied to spores where the exine layers are separated by a cavity.
2. Applied to dinoflagellate (Dinophyceae) cysts where there is a space between the periphragm and the endophragm.
"cavate." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cavate
"cavate." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cavate
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