Skip to main content

Bernoulli, Johann (Jean) II

Bernoulli, Johann (Jean) II

(b. Basel, Switzerland, 28 May 1710; d. Basel, 17 July 1790)

mathematics.

Johann II was perhaps the most successful of Johann I’s sons, inasmuch as he succeeded his father in the chair of mathematics after having previously taught rhetoric. In 1727 he obtained the degree of doctor of jurisprudence (1). Subsequently he won the prize of the Paris Academy four times, either by himself or with his father (2–5)—undoubtedly sufficient qualification to make him Johann I’s successor. But thereafter his mathematical production dwindled to occasional academic papers and a treatise (6), although he lived to be almost as old as his father. His shyness and frail constitution did not, however, prevent him from engaging in extensive scientific correspondence (about 900 items) and from furthering the publication, in four volumes, of his father’s Opera omnia. He personified the mathematical genius of his native city in the second half of the eighteenth century. In 1756, after resigning as president of the Berlin Academy, Maupertuis found refuge with him in Basel, where he died in 1759,

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bernoulli’s writings include (1) De compensationibus (Basel, 1729), dissertation for the doctor of jurisprudence; (2) “Recherches physiques et géométriques sur la question: Comment se fait la propagation de la lumière,” in Recueildes pièces qui ont remportéles prix de l’Académie royale des sciences, III (1736); (3) “Discours sur les ancres,” ibid., (1737); (4) “Discours sur le cabestan,” ibid., V (1741); (5) “Nouveaux principes de mécanique et de physique tendans à expliquer la nature et les propriétés de l’Aiman,” ibid., V (1743); and (6) “Réponse à une lettre anonyme sur la figure de la terre,” in Journal Helvét, (1740), pp, 219 et seq.

J. O. Fleckenstein

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bernoulli, Johann (Jean) II." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Oct. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Bernoulli, Johann (Jean) II." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 23, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bernoulli-johann-jean-ii

"Bernoulli, Johann (Jean) II." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved October 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bernoulli-johann-jean-ii

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.