WOLFE, HUMBERT (Umberto Wolff ; 1885–1940), English poet and critic. He was born in Milan but was taken as a baby to Bradford, England, where his father was a wool merchant. He was naturalized in 1891. Wolfe was educated at Bradford Grammar School and Oxford and went into the civil service, where he rose to be deputy secretary at the Ministry of Labor (1938–40). During World War i, from 1915 to 1918, he held an important position in the Ministry of Munitions. Wolfe's first published poems, a collection entitled London Sonnets (1920), were characterized by a certain facetiousness and by an attempt to imitate colloquial speech. Other early works included Shylock Reasons with Mr. Chesterton (1920), Circular Saws (1923), Lampoons (1925), Humoresque (1926), and a long verse satire on the popular press, News of the Devil (1926). His first real success was a volume of light verse entitled Cursory Rhymes (1927). Later volumes, notably Requiem (1927), took life more seriously. The Uncelestial City (1930) represented an unsuccessful return to his earlier manner, and volumes in his more usual strain which appeared over the next ten years added little to his reputation. He translated Rostand's Cyrano de Bergerac (1937) and wrote an English adaptation of Jenő *Heltai's Hungarian verse comedy, The Silent Knight (1937). His critical writings include studies of Herrick, Shelley, and Tennyson. Wolfe was only mildly interested in Jewish affairs but translated Edmond *Fleg's Wall of Weeping (1929) and some of *Heine's poems. His autobiographical works, Now a Stranger (1933) and The Upward Anguish (1938), reveal his sense of alienation from Jews and Judaism; in 1908 he had become an Anglican. Rather incongruously, Wolfe also wrote excellent accounts of the Ministry of Munitions during World War i which are highly regarded as administrative history.
Leftwich, in: National Jewish Monthly (Jan. 1941); N. Bentwich, in: Menorah Journal, 31 (Jan.–March 1943), 34–45. add. bibliography: odnb online; P. Bagguley, Harlequin in Whitehall (1997).
[Philip D. Hobsbaum]
"Wolfe, Humbert." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/wolfe-humbert
"Wolfe, Humbert." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/wolfe-humbert
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.