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Vincent, Louis Hugues°


VINCENT, LOUIS HUGUES ° (1872–1960), French Dominican monk and archaeologist; one of the heads of the Ecole Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem. Vincent was born in Varèze and as a youth entered the Dominican Monastery of St. Etienne in Jerusalem, where he lived until his death. His reputation as an archaeologist was established in 1907 when he published the first survey of the results of archaeological excavations in Ereẓ Israel (Canaan d'après l'exploration récente). In 1909 he took part in the Parker expedition, an adventurous enterprise which sought to discover the treasures of the Temple and dug in the tunnels of the Gihon. Vincent, however, turned it into a scientific excavation and published the results in Jérusalem sous terre (1911; Underground Jerusalem, 1911). In collaboration with L.F. Abel and afterward with A.M. Stève, he was the author of a series of monumental works on the remains of Jerusalem (Jérusalem ancienne et nouvelle, 1912–14). The concluding work on the Temple was published in 1956. Vincent and Abel also studied the antiquities of Bethlehem, Hebron and Emmaus. A visitor at almost every excavation in Ereẓ Israel and a prolific writer, Vincent was recognized as the doyen of Catholic archaeologists in Ereẓ Israel.

[Michael Avi-Yonah]

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