Tournely, Honoré de
TOURNELY, HONORÉ DE
Theologian; b. Antibes, near Nice, Aug. 28, 1658; d. Paris, Dec. 26, 1729. Tournely received a Doctorate of Theology at Paris in 1688, and after four years of teaching at the University of Douai, where he showed himself a strong anti-Jansenist, he was appointed Professor of Theology at the Sorbonne where he taught for 24 years (1692–1716). His principal work was Praelectiones theologicae (16 v. Paris 1725–30). There were numerous editions of it, as well as abridgements for use in seminaries. A notable abridgement of the whole work was published under the title Honorati T. cursus theologicus scholastico-dogmaticus et moralis (10 v. Venice 1731–46). His writings show Tournely to be an able and most influential theologian. Forced by law to teach the Four Articles of 1682, he has been considered a moderate exponent of Gallicanism. He was, however, careful to imply that these principles were only opinions and exposed the opposing views. His personal activity in the Faculty of Theology of Paris, where he supported the condemnation of Maria d'Agreda (1697) and opposed the Chinese rituals (1700), associate him with the Ultramontane anti-Jansenist party. This is confirmed by his strenuous defense of the bull Unigenitus, both in 1714 on occasion of its registration at the Sorbonne and in 1729–1730 on the renewal of this registration.
Bibliography: j. hild, Tournely und seine Stellung zum Jansenismus (Freiburg 1911). j. carreyre, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al. (Paris 1903–50) 15.1:1242–44. h. hurter, Nomenclator literarius theologiae catholicae (Innsbruck 1903–13; 1926) 4:1111–13. p. fÉret, La Faculté de théologie de Paris. Époque moderne (Paris 1910). m. schmaus, "Die Kirchengliedschaft nach Honoré de Tournely," in e. iserloh and p. mans, Reformation Schicksal und Auftrag (Baden Baden 1958). j. mayr, Die Ekklesiologie Honoré Tournelys (Essen 1964). j. m. gresgayer, Théologie et pouvoir en Sorbonne (Paris 1991).
[p. k. meagher/
j. m. gres-gayer]