Skip to main content

Theology, Articles on


Theology, in its most fundamental sense, focuses on God, the Supreme Being, the Creator of the universe; for articles on this subject, see god, articles on and trini ty, holy, articles on. In a broader sense, theology includes also discourse about things in relation to God, from the standpoint of knowledge gained by revelation and received in faith. The meaning of theology in any age will depend largely on how such terms as "revelation" and "faith" are understood. Aside from the Church, the subject in the Encyclopedia that receives the greatest attention is theology.

The two major articles on Catholic theology are the ology and theology, history of. The subdivisions within theology that receive the most extended treatment are dogmatic theology (see also dogmatic theolo gy, articles on); moral theology (see also moral theology, history of, in four articles); biblical the ology; and patristic theology. Other areas of theology that receive separate attention include foundational theology; fundamental theology; historical the ology; liturgical theology; sacramental theolo gy; spiritual theology; and theology, natural.

Theological methodology is covered in a variety of articles: see, e.g., methodology (theology); theolog ical terminology; convenientia, argumentum ex; fides quaerens intellectum; loci theologici; rea soning, theological; theological conclusion; the ology and prayer. For the dependence of theology on revelation, see revelation, theology of; revelation, fonts of; revelation, concept of (in the bible). There are also articles that deal with philosophical tools that are used in theology, e.g., hermeneutics; the ology, influence of greek philosophy on; scholas tic terms and axioms; praxis.

Different traditions of theology are treated under such headings as augustinianism, theological school of; thomism; franciscan theological tra dition; etc. Most of the articles on individual theologians also contain treatments of their theology: the most extensive of these are augustine, st.; thomas aquinas, st.; and bonaventure, st. There are many shorter articles dealing with different types of theology, Catholic and Protestant, e.g., apophatic theology; covenant the ology; death of god theology; dialectical theolo gy; existential theology; feminist theology; kerygmatic theology; latina theology; libera tion theology; mercersburg theology; mystery theology; narrative theology; new haven theolo gy; political theology; process theology; radical theology; theology of hope; thomism, transcen dental; womanist theology.

Certain papal encyclicals are of interest in an examination of the structure of theology: see, e.g., aeterni pa tris; humani generis; fides et ratio.

Eastern theology is treated in byzantine theology; greek theology; and russian theology, as well as in separate articles on Eastern theologians.

[g. f. lanave]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Theology, Articles on." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 21 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Theology, Articles on." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (February 21, 2019).

"Theology, Articles on." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.