TCHERNOWITZ, SAMUEL (1879–1929), Hebrew journalist, brother of Chaim *Tchernowitz. Born in Sebesh, Samuel Tchernowitz participated there in Zionist activities. In 1903, he moved to Warsaw, where he became the secretary of the children's weekly Olam Katon, and then joined the editorial board of Ha-Zeman. With the renewed publication of Ha-Ẓefirah in 1910, he joined its editorial board, replacing Sokolow as editor, and was active in the Hebrew movement and at the Congress of the Hebrew Language and Culture Organization in Vienna (1913). When Ha-Ẓefirah ceased publication during World War i, he returned to Russia, and became one of the editors of the daily Ha-Am. He emigrated to Palestine in 1921, served on the editorial board of Haaretz, and was secretary of the Va'ad Le'ummi. He began to write in Ha-Meliẓ in 1897 and until his death contributed to Hebrew periodicals. His chief contribution was to Ha-Zeman and Ha-Ẓefirah, and he was one of the first modern correspondents of the Hebrew press. Ha-Ẓefirah published in serial form his monograph on the *Benei Moshe, which was later published as a book, Benei Moshe u-Tekufatam (1914). Of his numerous essays and articles, only one small collection, Im Shaḥar, was published (1927). His son was the Israeli diplomat Jacob *Tsur and his daughter was the Hebrew writer Yemimah *Tchernowitz-Avidar.
Kressel, Leksikon, 2 (1967), 43–44; J. Tsur, Sunrise in Zion (1968), index, s.v. Tsur, Samuel and Tsur, family.