Roman martyr, first mentioned by the pagan poet Claudius Claudianus in 401 (Monumenta Germaniae Historica [Berlin 1826– ], Auctores antiquissimi 10.340), if the reference is authentic, which can be doubted. In the martyrology of st. jerome she is recorded on August 11 "ad duas domos," beside the Diocletian Baths, where the Church of St. Susanna still stands. A "Titulus of Gaius" is mentioned in the Roman Synod of 499; and in that of 595 it is recorded as that of Susanna. In the sixth century the name of Susanna appears in a legendary passio, according to which Susanna was the daughter of the priest Gabinius, brother of Bishop Gaius, and cousin of the Emperor Diocletian. When asked in marriage by the emperor's son, she refused and was beheaded.
This does not determine the identity of Susanna venerated in the Titulus. L. Duchesne proposed the Susanna of Daniel 13, and denies the historical existence of the martyr Susanna. No itinerary or other document except the passio speaks of her tomb. Lanzoni and H. Delehaye suggested the Susanna mentioned in Luke 8.3; while Franchi de'Cavalieri maintained that she was confused with a nonmartyr, daughter of the priest Gabinius and buried in the same titulus; the invasion of the Goths destroyed the tomb and the cult (537). This hypothesis has been rejected by A. Amore. The evidence thus far adduced indicates that at the titulus "ad duas domos" there was a tomb of a Susanna, the daughter of the priest Gabinius, and it was believed that she was a martyr. The modern church, a 17th-century partial reconstruction by Cardinal Carlo Moderno, is conducted by the Paulist Fathers as the Church for American Catholics in Rome.
Feast: Aug. 11.
Bibliography: Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis, 2 v. (Brussels 1898–1901; suppl. 1911) 2:7937. Acta Sanctorum Aug. 2:624–632. l. duchesne, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire 36 (1916–17) 27–42. l. rÉau, Iconographie de l'art chrétien, 6 v. (Paris 1955–59) 3.3:1240–41. f. lan zoni, Revista di archeologia cristiana 2 (Rome 1925) 228–234. h. delehaye, Les Origines du culte des martyrs (2d ed. Brussels 1933) 435. p. franchi de'cavalieri, "S. Susanna el il Titulus Gai," Note agiografiche 7 (Studi e Testi 49; Rome 1928) 185–202. a. amore, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65); suppl., Das Zweite-Vatikanische Konzil: Dokumente und Kommentare, ed. h. s. brechter et al., pt. 1 (1966) 9:1196; Antonianum 39 (1964) 37–42;.
"Susanna, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/susanna-st
"Susanna, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/susanna-st
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.