Shuval, Judith

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SHUVAL, JUDITH (née Tannenbaum ; 1926– ), sociologist. Shuval was born in New York. She graduated from Hunter College, New York, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and received her doctorate in sociology from Harvard University in 1955. She also received the degree of Bachelor of Hebrew Letters from the Seminary College of Jewish Studies of the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, in 1947. Emigrating to Israel in 1949, she was appointed project director and senior research associate at the Israel Institute of Applied Social Research, where she directed studies in the fields of housing, immigrant adjustment, medical sociology, ethnic relations, occupational sociology, urban settlement, and sociology of nursing. From 1955 to 1956 she was unesco advisor in social research at the Institute, on immigrant adjustment. From 1955 she was a member of the Department of Sociology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 1972 she was appointed associate professor in sociology at the Hebrew University and in 1979 professor of medical sociology. In 1991 she was appointed the Louis and Pearl Rose Chair in Medical Sociology at the Hebrew University. Subsequently she became the director of the medical sociology program. She was a fellow of the American Sociological Association and treasurer of the Israel Sociological Society, in which she served as a chairwoman. She contributed extensively to scientific journals. Her major fields of interest were health and migration, ethnic relations, and sociology of health.

Among her major works are Immigrants on the Threshold (1963), a sociological study of immigration to Israel during the first years of the state, Social Functions of Medical Practice (with A. Antonovsky and A.M. Davies, 1970), The Dynamics of Transition: Entering Medicine (1980), Newcomers and Colleagues (1983), Social Dimensions of Health: The Israeli Experience (1992), Immigrant Physicians: Former Soviet Doctors in Israel, Canada and the United States (with J.H. Bernstein, 1997), Immigration to Israel: Sociological Perspectives (edited with E. Leshem, 1998), and Social Structure and Health in Israel (with O. Anson, 2000). She was awarded the Israel Prize for social sciences in 1965. In 1981 she was awarded the Israel Gerontological Society prize for research in social gerontology.

[Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)]