SCHANZER, CARLO (1865–1953), Italian politician. Born in Vienna, Schanzer became professor of constitutional law at the University of Rome. From 1912 to 1928 he was division chairman of the Consiglio di Stato – in Italy the main legal, administrative, and judiciary body. He was a member of Parliament and, from 1919, of the Senate. From 1906 to 1909, under the ministry of Giovanni Giolitti, Schanzer held the office of postmaster general, and he was minister of the treasury and finance in 1919 and foreign minister in 1922. From 1920 to 1924 Schanzer was the Italian representative to the League of Nations at Geneva. Between 1921 and 1922 he headed the Italian delegation to the Naval Conference in Washington, d.c., where Italy achieved naval equality with France. He died in Rome.
Enciclopedia Italiana, vol. 31, 48–49.
[Massimo Longo Adorno (2nd ed.)]