SALOMON, GAVRIEL (1938– ), specialist in educational psychology. Salomon was born in Tel Aviv. In 1966 he received his M.A. degree in education and psychology from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and in 1968 he received his Ph.D. in educational psychology and communication from Stanford University. From 1969 until 1974 he was a lecturer at The Hebrew University, and in 1975–77 he was head of the educational psychology program there. From 1984 to 1987 he served as head of the computer and education program at Tel Aviv University. He served as editor of Educational Psychologist (1991–95) and as president of the Educational, Instructional and School Psychology Division of the International Association of Applied Psychology (iaap) in 1990–94. Subsequently he became co-director of the Center for Research on Peace Education. In 1992 Salomon became a professor at Haifa University and in 1993–98 was the dean of the Faculty of Education there. His work covers a range of topics: the cognitive effects of media's symbol systems, the expenditure of mental effort, mindfulness and mindlessness, organizational change, the design of intelligent computer tools, the design and systemic study of technology-afforded learning environments, and education for peace. His books include Interaction of Media, Cognition and Learning Communication and Education (1981) and Technology and Education in the Information Age (Heb.). He also edited Distributed Cognition (1993) and Peace Education: The Concept, Principles, and Practices Around the World (2002). In addition he published more than 100 empirical, theoretical, and methodological articles. In 2001 he was awarded the Israel Prize for education.
[Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)]
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