Saint-Évroult-d'Ouche, Abbey of
SAINT-ÉVROULT-D'OUCHE, ABBEY OF
Former benedictine monastery, in the Forest of Ouche, Ferté-Fresnel, Orne, France, formerly Diocese of Lisieux, present-day Séez. It was originally founded by (St.) Évroul (ebrulf), who died 596; he was a Merovingian courtier who led a group of hermits into the Forest of Ouche. This foundation was ravaged in the 9th-century invasions of the Vikings, and the site was reoccupied only in the mid-11th century, when William, son of Giroie, became a monk at bec and granted the site to the monks. Later his nephews, Hugh and Robert de Grandmesnil, founded there an independent monastery that was generously endowed by many leading Norman lords and enjoyed royal patronage in the 13th century. It remained prosperous till the Hundred Years' War. The writer ordericus vitalis was a monk here, and his Ecclesiastical History is the most important single source of information about this and other monasteries in Normandy until 1141. The maurists undertook to reform the house in 1628, but in 1790 the monks were dispersed. Only unimportant ruins of the buildings survive.
Bibliography: ordericus vitalis, Historia ecclesiastica, ed. le prÉvost and l. v. delisle, 5 v. (Paris 1838–55); tr. t. forester, 4 v. (London 1853–56). Gallia Christiana, v.1–13 (Paris 1715–85), v.14–16 (Paris 1856–65) 11:813–830. l. h. cottineau, Répertoire topobibliographique des abbayes et prieurés, 2 v. (Mâcon 1935–39) 2:2669–71.
[d. j. a. matthew]
"Saint-Évroult-d'Ouche, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/saint-evroult-douche-abbey
"Saint-Évroult-d'Ouche, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/saint-evroult-douche-abbey