Pontificate: July or August to November 897. A Roman priest of the Church of St. Peter in Chains, Romanus became pope amid the disorder following the assassination of Pope stephen vi in 897 and held the see four months. The clergy and people of Rome were torn with strife between the parties who supported the "cadaveric" council held by Stephen in judgment on the corpse of Pope formosus and those who wished to rehabilitate the memory of the ill-fated pontiff. The body of Formosus was rescued from the Tiber and buried, but it was left for the successors of Romanus to restore the remains of the Pope to the tomb in St. Peter's and to revalidate the Orders conferred by him. The successor of Romanus, theodore ii, was pope for only two weeks but in the subsequent pontificate john ix nullified the acts of the council-of-the-corpse.
Bibliography: Liutprand, Antapodosis, Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores rerum Germanicum (Berlin 1826–) v.41. auxilius of naples, "In defensionem sacrae ordinationis papae Formosae libellus," in Auxilius und Vulgarius, ed. e. l. dÜmmler (Leipzig 1866). Liber pontificalis, ed. l. duchesne (Paris 1886–92) 2:230. c. j. von hefele, Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, tr. and continued by h. leclercq (Paris 1907–38) v.4. l. duchesne, Les Premiers temps de l'état pontifical (2d ed. Paris 1904). h. k. mann, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 1902–32) 4:86–87. a. fliche, L'Europe occidentale de 888 à 1125 (Paris 1930). a. fliche and v. martin, eds. Histoire de l'église depuis les origines jusqu'à nos jours (Paris 1935) 7:25–26. g. schwaiger, Lexikon des Mittelalters 7 (Munich-Zurich 1994–95). j. n. d. kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (New York 1986) 116.
[p. j. mullins]
"Romanus, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/romanus-pope
"Romanus, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/romanus-pope
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.