Romantic(ism). Term used to describe literature, written mainly in the 2 decades 1830–50, and applied to mus. written in the period c.1830 to c.1900. It is a vague term, for there are ‘Romantic’ elements in all mus. of all ages. However, the composers generally classified as Romantic are of the period of Weber, Schubert, Schumann, Chopin, Liszt, Berlioz, Wagner, etc., in whose mus. emotional and picturesque expression appeared to be more important than formal or structural considerations. Thus Romanticism became the antithesis of classicism. In literature the works of Byron, Scott, Wordsworth, Goethe, Hugo, Gautier, and Balzac were the heart of the Romantic movt. and composers such as Berlioz and Liszt were particularly influenced by Byron and Scott. The supernatural element in Romantic literature is reflected musically in works such as Weber's Der Freischütz, and the Witches’ Sabbath movt. of Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique. However, Chopin, an essentially Romantic composer, was not influenced by literary models; and many movts. in works by ‘Classical’ composers such as Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and others, have Romantic leanings. As in so many branches of mus., distinctions between one category and another are blurred, thus nationalism, impressionism, and post-romanticism all impinge upon Romanticism.
More From encyclopedia.com
Jose Esteban Echeverria , José Estéban Echeverría The Argentine author, poet, and political theorist José Estéban Echeverría (1805-1851) pioneered the romantic mood in literat… Friedrich Von Schlegel , The critic and author Friedrich von Schlegel (1772-1829) was one of the chief founders of the German romantic movement. He is best known for his writ… Clemens Brentano , Clemens Brentano Although the German poet and author Clemens Brentano (1778-1842) was one of the most versatile writers of the later romantic period,… novelette , novelette •abet, aiguillette, anisette, Annette, Antoinette, arête, Arlette, ate, baguette, banquette, barbette, barrette, basinet, bassinet, beget,… Symphony , symphony (from Gk., ‘a sounding together’; Ger. Sinfonie, Fr. symphonie, It. sinfonia, Gk.-Lat. symphonia). A term which has had several meanings ove… Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann , Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann The German author, composer, and artist Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann (1776-1822) is k…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like