Rochefort Ships, Martyrs of, Bb.

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ROCHEFORT SHIPS, MARTYRS OF, BB.

Also known as Martyrs of La Rochelle, 64 priest martyrs of the French Revolution; d. 1794; beatified by John Paul II, Oct. 1, 1995.

In 1790 the authorities of the french revolution passed legislation requiring all priests to swear to the civil constitution of the clergy, which was intended to separate the Church of France from Rome. The following year the state considered as suspect those who would not take the oath, and began deporting them to French Guyana, South America (1792). A total of 827 priests and religious, who considered taking the oath an act of apostasy, were imprisoned to await deportation on hulk ships in the harbor of Rochefort (La Rochelle), particularly the Deux-Associés and the Washington. Departure was delayed by the British blockade of the French coast. Meanwhile conditions worsened aboard the hulks, which were previously used for storage or to house slaves, as more detainees were added. In addition to the physical hardships of hunger, thirst, and lack of sanitation was added the confiscation of all religious goods from the priests. The majority of the prisoners (542) died in captivity from maltreatment between April 11, 1794, and Feb. 7, 1795, and were buried in the sand of Île d'Aix (226) or the Île Madame (254). The survivors testified to the heroism of some of their fellows, including these beatified as martyrs for whom there was sufficient testimony as to their manner of death.

Feast: Aug. 18.

Adam, Louis-Armand-Joseph, OFMConv., Franciscan priest of Rouen; b. Dec. 19, 1741; d. July 13, 1794.

Ancel, Charles-Antoine-Nicolas, C.J.M., priest; b. Oct. 11, 1763; d. July 29, 1794.

Auriel, Antoine, pastor of Calviat, Diocese of Cahors; b. April 19, 1764; d. June 16, 1794.

Bannassat, Antoine, parish priest in Saint-Fiel, Diocese of Limoges; b. May 20, 1729; d. July 18, 1794.

Beguignot, Claude, O. Cart., Carthusian priest; b. Sept. 19, 1736; d. July 16, 1794.

Bourdon, Jean, OFMCap, Capuchin priest; b. April 3, 1747; d. Aug. 23, 1794.

Brigéat de Lambert, Scipion-Jérôme, deacon of the cathedral of Avranches (joined in 1854 to the Diocese of Coutances); b. June 9, 1733; d. Sept. 9, 1794.

Brulard, Michel-Louis, O.C.D., Discalced Carmelite priest; b. June 11, 1758; d. July 25, 1794.

Brunel, Gervaise-Protase, OCist, Cistercian priest and prior of the monastery at Mortagne; b. June 18, 1744;d. Aug. 20, 1794.

Charles, Paul-Jean, OCist, Cistercian priest, abbot of Sept-Fons Monastery, Diocese of Moulins; b. Dec. 29, 1750; d. Aug. 25, 1794.

Collas du Bignon, Charles-René, P.S.S., Sulpician priest, superior of the seminary in Bourges; b. Aug. 25, 1743; d. June 3, 1794.

Conte, Noël-Hilaires le, priest from the cathedral of Bourges; b. Oct. 3, 1765; d. Aug. 17, 1794.

cordier, Jean-Nicolas, SJ, Jesuit priest; professor of theology; b. Dec. 3, 1710, near Souilly, Lorraine, France; d. Sept. 30, 1794, Île Madame, La Rochelle, France.

Desgardin, Augustine-Joseph, OCist, Cistercian lay brother in Sept-Fons Monastery, Diocese of Moulins; b. Dec. 21, 1750; d. July 9, 1794.

Dumonet, Claude, priest, Diocese of Autun; b. Feb. 1, 1747; d. Sept. 13, 1794.

Dumontet de Cardaillac, Florent, vicar general of the Diocese of Castres (joined in 1922 to the Diocese of Albi); b. Feb. 8, 1749; d. Sept. 9, 1794.

Dupas, Jacques-Morellus, priest, Diocese of Poitiers; b. Nov. 10, 1754; d. June 21, 1794.

Duverneuil, Jean-Baptiste, O.C.D., Discalced Carmelite priest; b. 1737; d. July 1, 1794.

Faverge, Pierre-Sulpice-Christophe, F.S.C., in religion Brother Roger, Lasallian lay brother; b. July 25, 1745, Orléans, France; entered novitiate 1767; d. Sept. 12, 1794.

François François, OFMCap, Capuchin priest; b. Jan. 17, 1749; d. Aug. 10, 1794.

Gabilhaud, Pierre, parish priest in Saint-Christophe, Diocese of Limoges; b. July 26, 1747; d. Aug. 13, 1794.

Gagnot, Jacques, O.C.D., Discalced Carmelite priest; b. Feb. 9, 1753; d. Sept. 10, 1794.

Guillaume, Jean-Baptiste, F.S.C., in religion Brother Uldaric, Lasallian lay brother; b. Feb. 1, 1755, Fraisans, France; entered novitiate Oct. 16, 1785; d. Aug. 27, 1794.

Hanus, Charles-Arnaud, deacon and canon of Ligny cathedral; Diocese of Verdun; b. Oct. 19, 1723; d. Aug. 28, 1794.

Hunot, François, canon of Brienon, Archdiocese of Sens; b. Feb. 12, 1753; d. Oct. 8, 1794.

Hunot, Jean, canon and parish priest of Brienon, Archdiocese of Sens; b. Sept. 21, 1742; d. Oct. 9, 1794.

Hunot, Sebastian-Loup, canon of Brienon, Archdiocese of Sens; b. Aug. 7, 1745; d. Nov. 17, 1794. Brother of Bl. Jean Hunot.

Huppy, Louis Wulphy, from the Diocese of Limoges; b. April 1, 1767; d. Aug. 29, 1794.

Imbert, Joseph, SJ, Jesuit priest, apostolic vicar for the Diocese of Moulins; b. c. 1720; Marseille, France; d. June 9, 1794, on the Deux-Associés.

Jarrige, Barthélémy, from the Diocese of Limoges; b. March 18, 1753; d. July 13, 1794.

Jarrige, Jean-François, canon of Saint-Yrieix, Diocese of Limoges; b. Jan. 11, 1752; d. July 31, 1794.

Jarrige, Pierre, canon of Saint-Yrieix, Diocese of Limoges; b. April 19, 1737; d. Aug. 10, 1794.

Jean-Baptiste de Bruxelles, canon of Saint Leonard and pastor of St. Stefan's, Diocese of Limoges; b. Sept. 12, 1734; d. July 18, 1794.

Jouffret de Bonnefont, Claude-Joseph, parish priest in Saint-Sulpice; b. Dec. 23, 1752; d. Aug. 10, 1794.

Juge de Saint-Martin, Jean-Joseph, canon of the cathedral of Limoges; b. June 14, 1739; d. July 9, 1794.

Labiche de Reignefort, Marcel-Gaucher, priest of the Societas Missionarium Lemovicensium; b. Nov. 3, 1751;d. July 26, 1794.

Laborier du Vivier, Jean-Baptiste, deacon and cathedral canon of Mâcon (joined in 1853 to the Diocese of Autun); b. Sept. 19, 1734; d. Sept. 26 or 27, 1794.

Labrouche de Laborderie, Pierre-Yrieix, canon of Auvergne, Diocese of Limoges; b. May 24, 1756; d. July 1, 1794.

Laplace, Claude, parish priest in Saint-Bonnet, Diocese of Moulins; b. Nov. 15, 1725; d. Sept. 14, 1794.

Lebrun, Louis-François, O.S.B., priest of the French Benedictine Congregation of Saint-Maurus (Mauristene ); b. April 9, 1744; d. Aug. 20, 1794.

Legroing de la Romagère, Pierre-Joseph, priest of the Societas Navarrae and vicar general of the Diocese of Bourges; b. June 28, 1752; d. July 26, 1794.

Leymarie de Laroche, Élie, prior of Saint-Jean, Diocese of Verdun; b. Jan. 8, 1758; d. Aug. 22, 1794.

Loir, Jean-Baptiste Jacques Louis Xavier, OFMCap, Capuchin priest; b. March 13, 1720; d. May 19, 1794.

Lombardie, Jacques, parish priest in St. Hilarius, Diocese of Limoges; b. Dec. 1, 1737; d. July 22, 1794.

Marchand, Michel-Bernard, pastor of Vaurouy, Archdiocese of Rouen; b. Sept. 28, 1749; d. July 15, 1794.

Marchandon, André-Joseph, parish priest in Marsac, Diocese of Limoges; b. Aug. 21, 1745; d. Sept. 22, 1794.

Mascloux, Claude-Barnabé de Laurent de, canon in Dorat, Diocese of Limoges; b. June 11, 1735; d. Sept. 7,1794.

Mayaudon, François, vicar general in the Diocese of Soissons; b. May 4, 1739; d. Sept. 11, 1794.

Menestrel, Jean-Baptiste, canon of Remiremont, Diocese of Saint-Dié; b. Dec. 9, 1748; d. Aug. 16, 1794.

Mopinot, Jean, FSC, in religion Brother Léon, Lasallian lay brother; b. Sept. 12, 1724, Rheims, France; entered novitiate Jan. 14, 1744; d. May 21, 1794.

Noël, Pierre-Michel, associate pastor of Pavilly, Archdiocese of Rouen; b. Feb. 23, 1754; d. Aug. 9, 1794.

d'Oudinot de la Boissière, François, canon of Saint-Germain in Masseré, Diocese of Limoges; b. Sept. 3, 1746; d. Sept. 7, 1794.

Papon, Philippe, priest of Coutigny, Diocese of Moulins; b. Oct. 5, 1744; d. June 17, 1794.

Pergaud, Gabriel, OSA, Augustinian priest; b. Oct. 29, 1752, Saint-Priest-la-Plaine (Creuse), France; d. July 21, 1794.

Petiniaud de Jourgnac, Raymond, vicar general of the archdeacons of the Diocese of Limoges; b. Jan. 3, 1747; d. June 26, 1794.

Rehm, Jean-Georges, OP, Dominican priest; b. April 21, 1752; d. Aug. 27, 1794.

René, Georges Edme, canon of Vézelay, Archdiocese of Sens; b. Nov. 16, 1748; d. Oct. 1, 1794.

Retouret, Jacques, OCarm, Carmelite priest; b. Sept. 15, 1746, Limoges, France; d. Aug. 26, 1794, Île Madame, La Rochelle, France (age 47). Renowned as a preacher.

Richard, Claude, OSB, priest; b. May 19, 1741; d. Aug. 9, 1794.

Savouret, Nicolas, OFMConv., Franciscan priest and spiritual director for the Poor Clares of Moulins; b. Feb. 27, 1733; d. July 14, 1794.

Souzy, Jean-Baptiste, priest of the Diocese of La Rochelle; b. Nov. 19, 1734, La Rochelle, France; d. Aug. 27, 1794. He was named vicar general of the deported. He died after 10 months of abuse and was buried on Madame Island.

Tabouillot, Nicolas, parish priest of Méligny-le-Grand, Diocese of Verdun; b. Feb. 16, 1745; d. Feb. 23, 1795.

Tiersot, Lazare, OCist, Cistercian priest; b. March 29, 1739; d. Aug. 10, 1794.

Vernoy de Montjournal, Jean-Baptiste Ignace Pierre, canon of Notre-Dame in Moulins; b. Nov. 17, 1736; d. June 1, 1794.

Bibliography: i. gobry, Les martyrs de la Révolution française (Paris 1989). j. n. tylenda, Jesuit Saints & Martyrs, 2d ed. (Chicago 1998) 165167. Acta Apostolicae Sedis (1995) 923926. L'Osservatore Romano, no. 40 (1995) 35; Documentation Catholique, 19 (1995) 92326.

[k. i. rabenstein]