Richard de la Vergne, François Marie
RICHARD DE LA VERGNE, FRANÇOIS MARIE
Cardinal, archbishop of Paris; b. Nantes, March 1, 1819; d. Paris, Jan. 28, 1908. After theological studies at Saint-Sulpice, Paris, he was ordained (Dec. 21, 1844) and made graduate studies in theology in Rome (1846–49). Returning to Nantes, he became secretary to the bishop and vicar-general (1850–69). After Bishop Jacquemet's death (1869) he preached parish missions. As bishop of Belley (1872–75) he began the beatification process for the Curé of Ars. He became coadjutor to Cardinal Guibert (May 7, 1875), succeeded him as archbishop of Paris (July 8, 1886), and was named cardinal (May 24, 1889). In this post he showed no favor toward the Third Republic or the ralliement, but in the face of an anticlerical government he zealously defended the religious congregations threatened with expulsion, the cause of Catholic education, and that of the Church itself at the time of the law separating Church and State (1905). This law caused him to be expelled from his see some months before his death. The foundation and organization of the Institut Catholique in Paris owes much to him. He was one of the first to oppose loisy. The Roman decree lamentabili contains 18 propositions taken almost verbatim from Richard's memorial to the Holy See concerning Modernism. Richard was known for his asceticism, modesty, and mildness joined to firmness. Besides pastoral letters he published several works.
Bibliography: h. l. odelin, Le Cardinal Richard: Souvenirs (2d ed. Paris 1922). m. clÉment, Vie du Cardinal Richard (Paris 1924). j. rupp, Histoire de l'Église de Paris (Paris 1948). r. scherer, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65) 8:1294–95.
"Richard de la Vergne, François Marie." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/richard-de-la-vergne-francois-marie
"Richard de la Vergne, François Marie." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/richard-de-la-vergne-francois-marie
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.