Pyrrhus I, Patriarch of Constantinople
PYRRHUS I, PATRIARCH OF CONSTANTINOPLE
Dec. 20, 638, to Sept. 29, 641, restored Jan. 8–9, 654, to June 1, 654; d. Constantinople, May 19–23, 655. A key figure in the byzantine church's controversy over monothelitism, Pyrrhus was archimandrite of Chrysopolis when he succeeded his friend Patriarch sergius i in the Patriarchate of constantinople. Like Sergius, he espoused the Monothelitic Ecthesis of Emperor hera-clius and wrote to Pope John IV in support of Monothelitism (Patrologia Latina 87:1205). Because of alleged complicity in court intrigue, he was forced by Emperor constans ii to leave Constantinople in 641, and he escaped to Carthage. He was replaced as patriarch by Paul II; Pope Theodore I approved the deposition of Pyrrhus, but admonished that it should have been canonical (PL 87:81). In July 645, in the presence of the exarch of North Africa, Gregory, Pyrrhus held a disputatio with maximus the confessor (Patrologia Graeca 91:287–354), who had succeeded him at Chrysopolis and who was a resolute opponent of Monothelitism. Then, hoping for Gregory's help in his attempt to be restored to his see, Pyrrhus declared himself converted, went to Rome with Maximus, condemned the Ecthesis, and was received by Pope Theodore with the honors of a patriarch. However, after Gregory's death (648) Pyrrhus was induced to recant his recantation. Theodore thereupon deposed and anathematized him; this was confirmed by Pope Martin I (649) and later by Pope Agatho (680) and the sixth general council, Constantinople III. When Patriarch Paul died, Dec. 26, 653 (Pope Martin I had already been condemned), Pyrrhus was restored as patriarch for a brief period before his death.
Bibliography: j. d. mansi, Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio (Graz 1960) 10:859–877; 11:276, 557–572. v. grumel, Les Regestes des actes du patriarcat de Constantinople (Kadikoi-Bucharest 1932–47) 1:118, 121. k. krumbacher, Geschichte der byzatinischen Literatur (Munich 1897) 60–64. h. g. beck, Kirche und theologische Literatur im byzantinischen Reich (Munich 1959) 109, 295, 432, 439. g. ostrogorsky, History of the Byzantine State (Oxford 1956; New Brunswick NJ 1957). o. volk, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 1957–65) 8:908–909.
[t. p. halton]
"Pyrrhus I, Patriarch of Constantinople." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 15, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pyrrhus-i-patriarch-constantinople
"Pyrrhus I, Patriarch of Constantinople." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 15, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pyrrhus-i-patriarch-constantinople
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.