Péreire (Pereira), Jacob Rodrigues
PÉREIRE (Pereira), JACOB RODRIGUES
PÉREIRE (Pereira ), JACOB RODRIGUES (1715–1780), French educator of deaf-mutes and communal leader. Péreire was born into a Marrano family in Berlanga, Spain. After his father's death, Péreire was taken by his mother to France, and they returned to Judaism. Péreire's studies in anatomy and physiology helped him in his work as the first French educator of congenital deaf-mutes. He taught deaf-mutes to communicate by articulating sounds and lip-reading rather than by the use of signs. He strove to educate pupils, regardless of their social class, to the maximum level of ability in relation to their probable future. His achievements brought him great distinction and a grant by King Louis xv. Other educators were inspired by Péreire's work to efforts along similar lines, the best known of them being Edouard Séguin, a pioneer in the education of deaf-mutes. Péreire also gained distinction in other fields. A mathematical invention won him an annual pension and in 1753 his proposals for increasing the speed of sailing vessels received honorable mention. Péreire was active in Jewish life. In 1749 he became the voluntary counselor of the Sephardi community in Paris, and in 1761 was appointed officially to the position. Péreire himself wrote little, but his thought, as transmitted by Séguin, has received recognition in the educational writings of the 20th century. His works comprise a study of the articulation and vocabulary of a Tahitian native (1772) and Observations sur les Sourds et Muets, published by the Académie Royale des Sciences in 1778. His grandsons were Emile and Isaac *Péreire.
W. Boyd, From Locke to Montessori (1914), 36–41; J. Fynne, Montessori and her Inspirers (1924), 13–62; E. Séguin, Jacob Rodrigues Péreire… (Fr., 1847); F. Hément, Jacob Rodrigues Péreire… (Fr., 1875); F. Manuel Alves, Os judeus no distrito de Braganca (1925), xcviii–civ; La Rochelle, in: rej, 4 (1882), 150ff.; L. Kahn, Les Juifs à Paris (1889), 52, 54, 58–59.
[William W. Brickman]
"Péreire (Pereira), Jacob Rodrigues." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 15, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pereire-pereira-jacob-rodrigues
"Péreire (Pereira), Jacob Rodrigues." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved January 15, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pereire-pereira-jacob-rodrigues
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.