Pacian of Barcelona, St.
PACIAN OF BARCELONA, ST.
Bishop; b. Spain, c. 310; d. Barcelona, Spain, before 392. Though married, and the father of the praetorian prefect, Dexter, Pacian became bishop of Barcelona and was praised by jerome for his learning, sanctity, and pastoral zeal (De vir. illus. 106). Of his writings, only three works are certainly authentic: De Baptismo or sermon to catechumens, which speaks of the spiritual renewal and purification effected by baptism and describes the effects of original sin with a clarity that was rare before the time of augustine; a Contra Novatianos, in three letters to Sympronian, a rigorist propagating the condemned doctrines of novatian; and a Paraenesis sive exhortatorius libellus, an earnest plea in favor of penance, and a stern reminder of the far more severe punishments awaiting those who die without having fulfilled the penances imposed on them. This work presents invaluable source material for the study of the penitential system then in vogue throughout Spain. Pacian's other writings have disappeared, and the treatises attributed to him by Dom G. morin are of doubtful authenticity.
Pacian's doctrine on penance elaborated the teaching of Scripture and tradition—particularly as set forth by tertullian and cyprian—to assert that the Church has the power from God to forgive all sins committed after baptism. In his first letter to Sympronian occurs the famous phrase "My name is Christian; but my surname, Catholic." By Catholic he meant the worldwide expansion of the Church, the unity of faith among all its members, and their submission to one supreme head.
Feast: March 9.
Bibliography: Obras, tr. and ed. l. rubio fernÁndez (Barcelona 1958). b. altaner, Patrology, tr. h. graef from 5th German ed. (New York 1960) (Span. ed. 1949) appendix. É. amann, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al., 15 v. (Paris 1903–50; Tables générales 1951–) 11.2:1718–21. g. morin, "Traité inédit de Pacien de Barcelone," Revue Bénédictine 29 (1912) 1–28; "Un nouvel opuscule de Saint Pacien" ibid., 30 (1913) 286–293. Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 38 (1942) 414–417.
[s. j. mckenna]
"Pacian of Barcelona, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pacian-barcelona-st
"Pacian of Barcelona, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pacian-barcelona-st
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.